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A Review of State Public Health Emergency Declarations in Peru: 2014-2016

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 February 2018

Celso Bambarén*
Affiliation:
School of Public Health and Administration, Cayetano Heredia University, Lima, Peru
Maria del Socorro Alatrista
Affiliation:
School of Medicine, Ricardo Palma University, Lima, Peru
*
Correspondence: Celso Bambarén, PhD School of Public Health and Administration Cayetano Heredia University Loma Verde130, Lima 33 Peru E-mail: celso.bambaren.a@upch.pe

Abstract

Peru has different legal mechanisms of emergency, one of which is the Public Health Emergency that is applicable when: there is high-risk for, or the existence of an outbreak, epidemic, or pandemic; the occurrence of cases of a disease classified as eliminated or eradicated; the occurrence of emerging or re-emerging infectious diseases with high epidemic potential; the occurrence of rapid disseminated epidemics that simultaneously affect more than one department; as well as the existence of an event that affects the continuity of health services.

From July 2014 to December 2016, 23 Public Health Emergencies were declared, out of which 57% were in the high-risk or existence of epidemics, 30% were due to some natural or anthropic events that generate a sudden decrease in the operative capacity of health services, and 13% were due to the existence of a rapid spreading epidemic that could affect more than one department in the country. The risk or occurrence of epidemiological outbreaks, mainly of Dengue, was the main cause of emergency declaration. One-hundred and forty million US dollars were allocated to implement the action plans that were part of the declaration, of which 72% was used to keep the operational capacity of health services and 28% to vector and epidemiological control measures.

Bambarén C , Alatrista MdS . A Review of State Public Health Emergency Declarations in Peru: 2014-2016. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2018;33(2):197200.

Type
Special Reports
Copyright
© World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine 2018 

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Footnotes

Conflicts of interest: none

References

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