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Antarctic climate change and the environment: an update

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 April 2013

John Turner
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET (jtu@bas.ac.uk)
Nicholas E. Barrand
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET (jtu@bas.ac.uk)
Thomas J. Bracegirdle
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET (jtu@bas.ac.uk)
Peter Convey
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET (jtu@bas.ac.uk)
Dominic A. Hodgson
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET (jtu@bas.ac.uk)
Martin Jarvis
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET (jtu@bas.ac.uk)
Adrian Jenkins
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET (jtu@bas.ac.uk)
Gareth Marshall
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET (jtu@bas.ac.uk)
Michael P. Meredith
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET (jtu@bas.ac.uk)
Howard Roscoe
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET (jtu@bas.ac.uk)
Jon Shanklin
Affiliation:
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET (jtu@bas.ac.uk)
John French
Affiliation:
Australian Antarctic Division, 203 Channel Highway, Kingston TAS 7050, Australia
Hugues Goosse
Affiliation:
Université Catholique de Louvain, Place de l'Université 1, 1348 Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium
Mauro Guglielmin
Affiliation:
The University of Insubria, Via Ravasi, 2 - 21100 Varese, Italy
Julian Gutt
Affiliation:
Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, P.O. Box 12 01 61, 27515 Bremerhaven, Germany
Stan Jacobs
Affiliation:
Columbia University, 2960 Broadway, New York, NY 10027, USA
Marlon C. Kennicutt II
Affiliation:
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-1342, USA
Valerie Masson-Delmotte
Affiliation:
LSCE, Bat 701, L'Orme des Merisiers, CEA Saclay 91 191 Gif-sur-Yvette cédex, France
Paul Mayewski
Affiliation:
Climate Change Institute, University of Maine, Orono, Maine, USA
Francisco Navarro
Affiliation:
Technical University of Madrid, Av Ramiro de Maeztu, 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Sharon Robinson
Affiliation:
Institute for Conservation Biology and Environmental Management, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
Ted Scambos
Affiliation:
US National Snow and Ice Data Center, 1540 30th Street Boulder, CO 80303, USA
Mike Sparrow
Affiliation:
Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, CB2 1ER
Colin Summerhayes
Affiliation:
Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, CB2 1ER
Kevin Speer
Affiliation:
Florida State University, 790 E Broward Blvd, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301, USA
Alexander Klepikov
Affiliation:
Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, 38 Bering Street, Saint Petersburg, 199397Russia

Abstract

We present an update of the ‘key points’ from the Antarctic Climate Change and the Environment (ACCE) report that was published by the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) in 2009. We summarise subsequent advances in knowledge concerning how the climates of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean have changed in the past, how they might change in the future, and examine the associated impacts on the marine and terrestrial biota. We also incorporate relevant material presented by SCAR to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings, and make use of emerging results that will form part of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013 

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