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Rice genetic resources for organic agriculture under hill ecology: evaluation and usefulness

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 August 2023

Chandan Kapoor*
Affiliation:
ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi, 110012, India
Chandramani Raj
Affiliation:
ICAR-Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow, UP, India
Ravikant Avasthe
Affiliation:
ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Sikkim Centre, Tadong, Gangtok, Sikkim, India
Daisy Basandrai
Affiliation:
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, CSK HPAU, Palampur, HP, India
Arunava K. Pattanayak
Affiliation:
ICAR-Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan, Almora, Uttarakhand, India
Jay Prakash Aditya
Affiliation:
ICAR-Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan, Almora, Uttarakhand, India
S. P. Das
Affiliation:
ICAR-National Research Centre for Orchids, Pakyong, Sikkim, India
Vikas Sharma
Affiliation:
Regional Agricultural Research Station, SKUAST, Jammu, Tandwal, Rajouri, J&K, India
Matber Singh
Affiliation:
ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
Shweta Singh
Affiliation:
ICAR-Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow, UP, India
*
Corresponding author: Chandan Kapoor; Email: chandannaarm@gmail.com

Abstract

Rice cultivation in hills is challenged by sub-optimum weather conditions, low soil fertility, low temperature and moisture stress which impedes in attaining high productivity. To address this, four studies were carried out at ICAR Sikkim Centre, Gangtok, India to evaluate relative performance of local organic cultivars and conventionally bred varieties under an organic farming system. Conventionally bred varieties yielded significantly higher (45%) than local cultivars under recommended timely sown conditions whereas local cultivars showed superiority in grain yield under late sown conditions coinciding with low temperature during flowering to grain filling. Genotypes did not show significant interaction when organic or conventional production conditions were compared. For grain yield, there was a significant variation for variety × year interaction under organic system. Local organic cultivars had reduced grain yield and associated traits under rainfed upland conditions. Panicles per unit area had a significant positive association with grain yield in all production environments (organic lowland, organic upland, conventional lowland and conventional upland). Overall, the study indicates using local cultivars as donors for specific stress tolerance traits in background of high yielding genotypes to enhance rice yields sustainably under organic system in hills.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of National Institute of Agricultural Botany

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