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Evaluation of wheat landraces of north-western Himalaya against rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae L. vis-à-vis physical seed parameters

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 March 2016

Kuldeep Tripathi
Affiliation:
ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012, India
S. K. Chauhan
Affiliation:
ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi 110012, India
P. G. Gore
Affiliation:
ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012, India
P. S. Mehta
Affiliation:
ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi 110012, India
I. S. Bisht
Affiliation:
ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi 110012, India
S. Bhalla
Affiliation:
ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi 110012, India
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The north-western Himalaya is one of the rich repositories of wheat genetic resources because of the preponderance of locally developed traditional crop varieties owing to high agro-climatic heterogeneity and local socio-cultural diversity. In the present study, 100 wheat landraces of this diversity rich region were evaluated for variability in physical parameters of seed to understand the basis of resistance against rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae. The evaluation was based on the parameter of growth index (GI) of S. oryzae in different landraces. GI was correlated with different quantitative physical seed parameters, viz. hardness, length, width, length × width, test weight and qualitative parameter seed colour were studied to work out if these were related to resistance/susceptibility. Based on the parameter of GI, the six landraces viz. IC266831, IC266872, IC393109, IC392578, IC444217 and IC589276 were identified as resistant. Correlation coefficients between GI of S. oryzae and physical parameters of wheat landraces indicated that GI had significant positive relation with length × width (r = +0.573) and test weight (r = +0.549) indicated that small seeds confer resistance to S. oryzae. Also significant negative relation (r = −0.457) with GI of S. oryzae and seed hardness, indicated that hard seeds were relatively more resistant to S. oryzae.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © NIAB 2016 

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Evaluation of wheat landraces of north-western Himalaya against rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae L. vis-à-vis physical seed parameters
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