Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-568f69f84b-l2zqg Total loading time: 0.213 Render date: 2021-09-22T00:56:08.860Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Establishing a core collection of foxtail millet to enhance the utilization of germplasm of an underutilized crop

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 December 2008

Hari D. Upadhyaya*
Affiliation:
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru PO, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India
R. P. S. Pundir
Affiliation:
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru PO, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India
C. L. L. Gowda
Affiliation:
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru PO, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India
V. Gopal Reddy
Affiliation:
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru PO, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India
S. Singh
Affiliation:
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru PO, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India
*Corresponding
*Corresponding author. E-mail: h.upadhyaya@cgiar.org

Abstract

Foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.) is one of the ten small millets and is cultivated in 23 countries. The foxtail millet is valued as a crop of short duration, which is good as food, feed and fodder. In general, grain yield levels of foxtail millet are low in comparison with other staple cereals. The greater use of diverse germplasm in breeding is suggested as a means to improve the productivity of this crop. The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics genebank is presently holding 1474 cultivated germplasm accessions from 23 countries. To utilize this diversity in research, a core collection (10% of the entire collection) was established using the taxonomic and qualitative traits data. The germplasm accessions were stratified into three taxonomic races (Indica, Maxima and Moharia). Principal coordinate analysis was performed on 12 qualitative traits for each of the biological races, separately that resulted in the formation of 29 clusters. From each cluster, 10% of the accessions were selected to constitute a core collection of 155 accessions. The composition and diversity of the core collection was validated by the χ2-tests of the frequencies of origin, races, subraces and data on qualitative traits. The analysis of the quantitative traits for mean, range, variance, Shannon–Weaver diversity index and phenotypic associations indicated that the diversity from the entire collection was optimally represented in the core collection. The core subset will be evaluated in replicated trials to make a more precise assessment of diversity and further efforts to identify the sources of agronomic and grain nutritional traits for utilization in breeding programmes.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © NIAB 2009

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Beghel, RPS, Netke, SP and Bajpai, LD (1985) Nutritive value of kangni. Poultry Guide 22(5): 2829.Google Scholar
Brown, AHD (1989) The case for core collections. In: Brown, AHD, Frankel, OH, Marshall, DR and Williams, JT (eds) The Use of Plant Genetic Resources. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 136155.Google Scholar
Chang, K (1973) Radiocarbon dates from China: some initial interpretations. Current Anthropology 14: 525528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Diwan, N, McIntosh, MS and Bauchan, GR (1995) Methods of developing a core collection of annual Medicago species. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 90: 755761.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Frankel, OH (1984) Genetic perspective of germplasm conservation. In: Arber, W, Illmensee, K, Peacock, WJ and Starlinger, P (eds) Genetic Manipulations: Impact of Man and Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 161170.Google Scholar
Ho, P (1975) The Cradle of the East. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, p. 440.Google Scholar
Hu, J, Zhu, J and Xu, HM (2000) Methods of constructing core collections by stepwise clustering with three sampling strategies based on the genotypic values of crops. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 101: 264268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
IBPGR(1985) Descriptors for Setaria italica and S. pumila. Rome, Italy: IBPGR, p. 18.Google Scholar
Jiaju, C (1989) Importance and genetic resources of small millets with emphasis on foxtail millet (Setaria italica) in China. In: Seetharam, A, Riley, KW and Harinarayana, G (eds) Small Millets in Global Agriculture. New Delhi: Oxford and IBH Publishing Company Private Limited, pp. 93100.Google Scholar
Kashiwagi, J, Krishnamurthy, L, Upadhyaya, HD, Krishna, H, Chandra, S, Vincent, Vadez and Serraj, R (2005) Genetic variability of drought-avoidance root traits in the mini-core germplasm collection of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Euphytica 146: 213222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keuls, M (1952) The use of the ‘studentized range’ in connection with an analysis of variance. Euphytica 1: 112122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levene, H (1960) Robust tests for equality of variances. In: Oklin, I (ed.) Contributions to Probability and Statistics: Essays in Honour of Harold Hotelling. Stanford: University Press, pp. 171178.Google Scholar
Newman, D (1939) The distribution of range in samples from a normal population expressed in term of an independent estimate of standard deviation. Biometrika 31: 2030.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ortiz, R, Ruiz-Tapia, EN and Mujica-Sanchez, A (1998) Sampling strategy for a core collection of Peruvian quinoa germplasm. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 96: 475483.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pande, S, Kishore, GK, Upadhyaya, HD and Rao, JN (2006) Identification of multiple diseases resistance in mini core collection of chickpea. Plant Disease 90: 12141218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prasada Rao, KE, de Wet, JMJ, Brink, DE and Mengesha, MH (1987) Intraspecific variation and systematics of cultivated Setaria italica, foxtail millet (Poaceae). Economic Botany 41: 108116.Google Scholar
Rai, M (2002) Nutritive cereals. In: Survey of Indian Agriculture 2002. Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India: The Hindu, pp. 5962.Google Scholar
Ramprasad, V (2005) Foxtail millet enjoys revival in India. Bioversity International Geneflow 2005. Special Number. Rome, Italy: Bioversity International.Google Scholar
Seetharam, A, Mallikarjunaradhya, K and Laxminarayana, MR (1983) Variation for oil content in a world collection of foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.]. Sabrao Journal 15: 99103.Google Scholar
Shannon, CE and Weaver, W (1949) The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, p. 144.Google Scholar
Singh, SP, Gutierrez, JA, Molina, A, Urrea, C and Gepts, P (1991) Genetic diversity in cultivated common bean: II marker based analysis of morphological and agronomic traits. Crop Science 31: 2329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Skinner, DZ, Bauchan, GR, Auricht, G and Hughes, S (1999) A method for the efficient management and utilization of large germplasm collections. Crop Science 39: 12371242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Snedecor, GW and Cochran, WG (1980) Statistical Methods. 7th edn. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, p. 507.Google ScholarPubMed
Upadhyaya, HD (2004) Core collections for efficient management and enhanced utilization of plant genetic resources. In: Dhillon, BS, Tyagi, RK, Lal, A and Saxena, S (eds) Plant Genetic Resources Management. New Delhi: Narosa Publishing House, pp. 280296.Google Scholar
Upadhyaya, HD (2005) Variability for drought resistance related traits in the mini core collection of peanut. Crop Science 45: 14321440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Upadhyaya, HD and Ortiz, R (2001) A mini core collection for capturing diversity and promoting utilization of chickpea genetic resources in crop improvement. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 102: 12921298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Upadhyaya, HD, Gowda, CLL, Pundir, RPS, Gopal Reddy, V and Singh, S (2006 a) Developing of core subset of finger millet germplasm using geographical origin and data on 14 quantitative traits. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 53: 679685.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Upadhyaya, HD, Reddy, LJ, Gowda, CLL and Singh, S (2006 b) Identification of diverse groundnut germplasm: sources of early-maturity in a core collection. Field Crops Research 97: 261267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Upadhyaya, HD, Dwivedi, SL, Gowda, CLL and Singh, S (2007) Identification of diverse germplasm lines for agronomic traits in a chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) core collection for use in crop improvement. Field Crops Research 100: 320326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Upadhyaya, HD, Gowda, CLL, Reddy, KN and Singh, S (2009a) Augmenting the pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] core collection for enhancing germplasm utilization in crop improvement. Crop Science (in press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Upadhyaya, HD, Reddy, LJ, Dwivedi, SL, Gowda, CLL and Singh, S (2009b) Phenotypic diversity in cold tolerant peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) germplasm. Euphytica 165: 279291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ward, J (1963) Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. Journal of the American Statistical Association 38: 236244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yates, F (1934) Contingency table involving small numbers and the test. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (Supplement) 1: 217235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: PDF

Upadhyaya Supplementary Material

Table1-4

Download Upadhyaya Supplementary Material(PDF)
PDF 229 KB
40
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Establishing a core collection of foxtail millet to enhance the utilization of germplasm of an underutilized crop
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Establishing a core collection of foxtail millet to enhance the utilization of germplasm of an underutilized crop
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Establishing a core collection of foxtail millet to enhance the utilization of germplasm of an underutilized crop
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *