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Do fruiting habit traits affect green fruit yield and its component traits in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.)?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 March 2021

C. Anilkumar
Affiliation:
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Gandhi Krishi Vignana Kendra, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru, India
A. Mohan Rao
Affiliation:
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Gandhi Krishi Vignana Kendra, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru, India
S. Ramesh
Affiliation:
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Gandhi Krishi Vignana Kendra, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru, India
T. Lakshmi Pathy
Affiliation:
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Gandhi Krishi Vignana Kendra, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru, India
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

In chilli, farmer preferences for fruiting habit traits, namely fruit orientation (pendant erect) and fruits node−1 (solitary cluster), vary from region to region. For increased acceptability by farmers/consumers, cultivars should be bred with preferred fruiting habit traits in high green fruit yielding background. An investigation was carried out to study the influence of fruiting habit traits on green fruit yield and its component traits during the 2016 and 2017 rainy seasons. The F2, backcross populations and near-isogenic lines (NILs) derived from crosses involving parents differing for single or both the fruiting habit traits were grouped into fruiting habit classes (single and cluster fruiting; and clustered erect, clustered pendant, single erect and single pendant). Significance of differences in fruit yield and its component traits between/among different fruiting habit trait classes were examined using ‘t’/‘F’ tests. The significance of ‘t’/‘F’ tests was regarded as pieces of evidence for considerable effects of fruiting habit traits on fruit yield and its component traits. While results-based on F2 and backcross generations indicated a lack of effects, those based on NILs indicated significant effects of fruiting habit traits on fruit yield and its component traits. The plants bearing pendant fruits (irrespective of whether they are clustered or single) produced a large number of heavier and longer fruits than those bearing erect fruits. The results are discussed about the strategies to develop high yielding cultivars with farmer preferred fruiting habit traits.

Type
Short Communication
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of NIAB

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Footnotes

Present address: ICAR-National Rice Research Institue, Cuttack, Odisha, India

Present address: ICAR-Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

References

Anilkumar, C and Mohan Rao, A (2018) Genetics of fruiting habit traits in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences 52: 293299.Google Scholar
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Anilkumar, C, Mohan Rao, A, Ramesh, S, Bhavani, B and Pranesh, (2020) Inheritance of fruiting habit traits in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Current Science 118: 15981602.Google Scholar
Fisher, RA (1950) Statistical Methods for Research Workers, 11th edn. London, UK: Oliver and Boyd.Google Scholar
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Do fruiting habit traits affect green fruit yield and its component traits in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.)?
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