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Comparison of flavonoid contents and antioxidant activities of Vicia species

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 September 2015

Kyung Jun Lee
National Agrobiodiversity Center, NAAS, RDA, Jeonju560-500, Republic of Korea
Jung-Ro Lee
National Agrobiodiversity Center, NAAS, RDA, Jeonju560-500, Republic of Korea
Hyo-Jeong Kim
National Agrobiodiversity Center, NAAS, RDA, Jeonju560-500, Republic of Korea
Sebastin Raveendar
National Agrobiodiversity Center, NAAS, RDA, Jeonju560-500, Republic of Korea
Gi-An Lee
National Agrobiodiversity Center, NAAS, RDA, Jeonju560-500, Republic of Korea
Young-Ah Jeon
National Agrobiodiversity Center, NAAS, RDA, Jeonju560-500, Republic of Korea
Eunseong Park
National Agrobiodiversity Center, NAAS, RDA, Jeonju560-500, Republic of Korea
Kyung-Ho Ma
National Agrobiodiversity Center, NAAS, RDA, Jeonju560-500, Republic of Korea
Sok-Young Lee
National Agrobiodiversity Center, NAAS, RDA, Jeonju560-500, Republic of Korea
Jong-Wook Chung*
National Agrobiodiversity Center, NAAS, RDA, Jeonju560-500, Republic of Korea
*Corresponding author. E-mail:


A total of 27 accessions from ten Vicia species were investigated for flavonoid contents, total polyphenol contents, and DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS [2,2′-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline 6-sulfonic acid)] free radical-scavenging activities. The results revealed that NAC17 (V. monantha) and NAC14 (V. hyrcanica) had the highest total flavonoid content (1.42 ± 0.09 mg/g) and total polyphenol content [124.2 ± 0.5 μg/gallic acid equivalents (GAE) mg], respectively. Among four flavonoids, naringenin was detected at high concentrations in Vicia species. The DPPH and ABTS assays showed values in the range of 57.2 (IC50) (NAC13, V. faba) to 6530.0 (IC50) (NAC24, V. sativa subsp. nigra) and 19.1 μg/Trolox mg (NAC7, V. cracca) to 253.4 μg/Trolox mg (NAC13, V. faba), respectively. Among ten Vicia species, V. monantha and V. hyrcanica had the highest flavonoid content (1.31 ± 0.09 mg/g) and total polyphenol content (116.5 ± 2.0 μg/GAE mg), respectively. The highest antioxidant activity was detected in V. faba. These results will expand the flavonoid database and provide valuable information on Vicia species for the development of functional foods or feed-additive resources.

Research Article
Copyright © NIAB 2015 

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