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Correlations among spiritual care competence, spiritual care perceptions and spiritual health of Chinese nurses: A cross-sectional correlational study

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 January 2022

Zhangyi Wang
Affiliation:
Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
Haomei Zhao
Affiliation:
Graduate School, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang, HeBei, China
Siai Zhang
Affiliation:
Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
Yue Wang
Affiliation:
Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
Yajun Zhang
Affiliation:
Operating Room, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
Zhao Wang
Affiliation:
Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
Xuechun Li
Affiliation:
Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
Luwei Xiao
Affiliation:
School of Nursing, University of South China, Hengyang, Hunan, China
Yue Zhu
Affiliation:
Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
Guanghong Han
Affiliation:
Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
Yishan Yan
Affiliation:
Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
Jing Wang
Affiliation:
Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
Yujing Zhang
Affiliation:
University of Health, Tianjin College, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Tianjin, China
Xiaoli Pang*
Affiliation:
School of Nursing, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
*
Author for correspondence: Xiaoli Pang, School of Nursing, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin301617, China. E-mail: 403033115@qq.com

Abstract

Background

The significance of spiritual care competence among nurses has been emphasized across countries and cultures in many studies. However, there were few studies on correlations among spiritual care competence, spiritual care perceptions, and spiritual health of nurses in China.

Objective

To investigate spiritual care competence, spiritual care perceptions, and spiritual health, and examine the correlations among spiritual care competence, spiritual care perceptions and spiritual health, and the mediating role of spiritual health between other two variables of Chinese nurses.

Methods

A cross-sectional and correlational design was implemented, and the STROBE Checklist was used to report the study. A convenience sample of 2,181 nurses were selected from 17 hospitals in 3 provinces, China. Participants provided data on sociodemographic by completing the Chinese Version of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale, the Chinese Version of the Spiritual Care-Giving Scale, and the Spiritual Health Scale Short Form. Descriptive statistics, univariate, multiple linear regression, and Pearson correlation analysis were used to analyze data.

Results

The total scores of spiritual care competence, spiritual care perceptions, and spiritual health were 58.25 ± 16.21, 144.49 ± 16.87, and 84.88 ± 10.57, respectively, which both were moderate. Spiritual care competence was positively correlated with spiritual care perceptions (r = 0.653, p < 0.01) and spiritual health (r = 0.587, p < 0.01). And spiritual health played a mediating role between the other two variables (accounting for 35.6%).

Significance of results

The spiritual care competence, spiritual care perceptions, and spiritual health of Chinese nurses need to be improved. It is recommended that nursing managers should pay attention to spiritual care education of nurses, and improve spiritual care perceptions and spiritual health in multiple ways, so as to improve their spiritual care competence and to maximize the satisfy spiritual care needs of patients in China.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press

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Correlations among spiritual care competence, spiritual care perceptions and spiritual health of Chinese nurses: A cross-sectional correlational study
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