Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-55b6f6c457-4lvx9 Total loading time: 0.239 Render date: 2021-09-27T14:45:38.525Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Identity and Coexistence in the Eastern Mediterranean, ca. 1600

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 July 2015

Eric Dursteler*
Brown University, History Department


Of the many European states that interacted with the Ottoman Empire in the early modern era, few did so as extensively as the Most Serene Republic of Venice, La Serenissima. The two empires shared a lengthy border and a common historical trajectory for almost 500 years, during which time the political and economic fortunes of both were intimately intertwined. While occasionally interrupted by brief periods of open hostility, for the most part this relationship was characterized by peaceful coexistence. Venetian historiography at present, however, is unable to explain this reality. Rather, in painting the picture of Venice’s relations with the Ottoman Empire, scholars have relied on broad strokes that depict a series of rather simple, binary relationships—East/West, Muslim/Christian, Venetian/Turk. This dichotomy is readily apparent in the titles of important monographs on the topic: Islam and the West, Europe and the Turk, Venezia e i turchi.

Copyright © New Perspectives on Turkey 1998

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Alberi, Eugeneo. 1855. Relazioni degli ambasciatori veneti al senato. Serie III, vol. III., Firenze: Società editrice fiorentina.Google Scholar
Anderson, Benedict. 1991. Imagined Communities. London-New York: Verso.Google Scholar
Arbel, Benjamin. 1995. Trading Nations: Jews and Venetians in the Early Modern Eastern Mediterranean. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
Bennassar, Bartolomé and Lucile, . 1989. Les chrétiens d’Allah: l’histoire extraordinaire des renégats, XVIe-XVIIe siècles. Paris: Perrin.Google Scholar
Benzoni, Gino. 1985. “Il «farsi turco» ossia l’ombra del rinnegato.” In Venezia e i turchi. Milano: Electa.Google Scholar
Brummett, Palmira. 1994. “Understanding Space: Regions and Empires,Paper presented at the meeting of the Middle East Studies Association of North America, Phoenix, Arizona, 19-22 November.Google Scholar
Chabod, Federico. 1996. L’idea di nazione. Roma-Bari: Laterza.Google Scholar
Chejne, Anwar. 1983. Islam and the West: the Moriscos, a Cultural and Social History. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
Cozzi, Gaetano. 1982. Repubblica di Venezia e stati italiani. Torino: Einaudi.Google Scholar
Cozzi, Gaetano and Knapton, Michael. 1986. La Repubblica di Venezia nell’età moderna: dalla guerra di Chioggia al 1517. Torino: UTET.Google Scholar
Dallam, Thomas. 1893. “The Diary of Master Thomas Dallam, 15991600,” in Bent, Theodore J. (ed.), Early Voyages and Travels in the Levant. London: Hakluyt Society.Google Scholar
Daniel, Norman. 1960. Islam and the West: The Making of an Image. Edinburgh: University Press.Google Scholar
Della Valle, Pietro. 1650. De’ Viaggi di Pietro Della Valle il Pellegrino. Descritti da lui medesimo in Lettere familiari. Parte Prima cioè La Turchia. Roma: Vitale Mascardi.Google Scholar
Elliott, J.H.. 1992. “A Europe of Composite Monarchies,Past and Present, 137, pp. 4871.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Esposito, John. 1991. Islam and the West. Colchester, VT.: St. Michael’s College.Google Scholar
Feldbæk, Ole. 1992. “Clash of Cultures in a Conglomerate State: Danes and Germans in 18th Century Denmark,” in Johansen, JensChristian, V., Petersen, Erling Ladewig and Stevnsborg, Henrik (eds.), Clashes of Cultures: Essays in Honour of Niels Steensgaard. Odense: Odense University Press, pp. 8093.Google Scholar
Fleischer, Cornell. 1986. Bureaucrat and Intellectual in the Ottoman Empire: The Historian Mustafa Âli (1541-1600). Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foster, Charles Thornton and Danieli, F.H. Blackburne (eds.). 1881. The Life and Letters of Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq. London: C. Kegan Paul & Co..Google Scholar
Gellner, Ernest. 1983. Nations and Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Goffman, Daniel. 1990. Izmir and the Levantine World, 1550-1650. Seattle-London: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
Hammer, M. de. 1844. Histoire de l’Empire Ottoman. Dochez, M. (trans.). Paris: Béthune et Pion.Google Scholar
Hitti, Philip Khuri. 1962. Islam and the West, a Historical Cultural Survey. Princeton: Van Nostrand.Google Scholar
Hobsbawm, E.J. 1992. Nations and Nationalism Since 1870: Programme, Myth, Reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Zorattini, Ioly, Cesar, Pier. 1989. “Anrriquez Nunez alias Abraham alias Righetto: A Marrano Caught Between the S. Uffizio of Venice and the Inquisition of Lisbon,” in Toaff, Ariel and Schwarzfuchs, Simon (eds.), The Mediterranean and the Jews: Banking, Finance and International Trade (XVI-XVIII Centuries). Ramat Gan, Israel: Bar-Han University Press.Google Scholar
Kafadar, Cemal. 1995. Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Kafadar, Cemal. 1986. “A Death in Venice (1575): Anatolian Muslim Merchants Trading in the Serenissima,Journal of Turkish Studies, 10, pp. 191218.Google Scholar
Kafadar, Cemal. 1991. “Les troubles monétaires de la fin du xvie siècle et la prise de conscience ottomane du déclin,Annales: Economies, sociétés, civilisations, 46, pp. 381400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kafadar, Cemal. 1994. “The Ottomans and Europe,” in Brady, Thomas A. Jr., Oberman, Heiko A., and Tracy, James D. (eds.), Handbook of European History, 1400-1600: Late Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Reformation. Vol. 1. Leiden-New York: E.J. Brill.Google Scholar
Kibre, Pearl. 1948. The Nations in the Mediaeval Universities. Cambridge, Mass.: Mediaeval Academy of America.Google Scholar
Kunt, Metin. 1974. “Ethnic-Regional (Cins) Solidarity in the Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Establishment,International Journal of Middle East Studies, 5, pp. 233–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewis, Bernard. 1963. Istanbul and the Civilization of the Ottoman Empire. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar
Lewis, Bernard. 1991. Il linguaggio politico dell’Islam. Roma-Bari: Laterza.Google Scholar
Lewis, Bernard. 1993. Islam and the West. New York-Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Machiavelli, Nicolò. 1970. The Discourses. Crick, Bernard (ed.), Walker, Leslie J. (trans.). London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Machiavelli, Nicolò. 1984. The Prince. Bull, George (trans.). London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Mantran, Robert. 1962. Istanbul dans la seconde moitié du XVIIe siècle. Paris: Librairie Adrien Maisonneuve.Google Scholar
Molho, Anthony. 1997. “Ebrei e marrani fra Italia e Levante ottomano.” In Storia d’Italia - Annali. Vol. 11. Gli ebrei in Italia. Ed. Corrado Vivanti. Torino: Giulio Einaudi editore.Google Scholar
Moryson, Fynes. 1907. An Itinerary. Containing His Ten Yeeres Travell Through the Twelve Dominions of Germany, Bohmerland, Sweitzerland, Netherland, Denmarke, Poland, Italy, Turkey, France, England, Scotland, and Ireland. London: John Beale, 1617; reprint, Glascow: James MacLehose and Sons.Google Scholar
Naima, . 1832. Annals of the Turkish Empire from 1591 to 1659 of the Christian Era. Charles Fraser (trans.). London: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland.Google Scholar
Nicolay, Nicholas de. 1968. The Navigations into Turkic London: Thomas Dawson, 1585; reprint Amsterdam - New York: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, Ltd.Google Scholar
Pippidi, Andrei. 1980. Hommes et idées du Sud-Est européen à l’aube de l’***âge moderne. Bucharest: Editura Academiei.Google Scholar
Preto, Paolo. 1975. Venezia e i turchi. Firenze: G.C. Sansoni editore.Google Scholar
Preto, Paolo. 1994. I servizi secreti di Venezia. Milano: Il Saggiatore.Google Scholar
Pullan, Brian. 1977. “A Ship with Two Rudders’: ‘Righetto Marrano’ and the Inquisition in Venice,The Historical Journal, 20, pp. 2558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rostagno, Lucia. 1983. Mi faccio turco: esperienze ed immagini dell’islam nell’Italia moderna. Roma: Istituto per l’oriente C.A. Nallino.Google Scholar
Scaraffia, Lucetta. 1993. Rinnegati: Per una storia dell’identità occidentale. Roma-Bari: Laterza.Google Scholar
Schmidt, Jan. 1985. “The Egri-Campaign of 1596; Military History and the Problem of Sources,” in Habsburgisch-osmanische Beziehungen. Wien: Verlag des Verbandes der wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaften Österreichs, pp. 125–44.Google Scholar
Steensgaard, Niels. 1967. “Consuls and Nations in the Levant from 1570-1650,Scandinavian Economic History Review, 15, pp. 1353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tietze, Andreas (ed.). 1979. Mustafa Ali’s Counsel for Sultan’s of 1581. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.Google Scholar
Tucci, Ugo. 1973. “The Psychology of the Venetian Merchant in the Sixteenth Century,” in Totowa, J.R. Hale, (ed.), Renaissance Venice. N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
Vaughan, Dorothy. 1976. Europe and the Turk: A Pattern of Alliances, 1350-1700. Liverpool: University Press, 1954; reprint New York: AMS Press.Google Scholar
Ventura, Angelo. 1993. Nobiltà e popolo nella società veneta del Quattrocento e Cinquecento. Milano: Edizioni Unicopoli.Google Scholar
Zannini, Andrea. 1993. Burocrazia e burocrati a Venezia in età moderna: i cittadini originar (sec. XVI-XVIII). Venezia: Istituto veneto di scienze, lettere ed arti.Google Scholar
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Identity and Coexistence in the Eastern Mediterranean, ca. 1600
Available formats

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Identity and Coexistence in the Eastern Mediterranean, ca. 1600
Available formats

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Identity and Coexistence in the Eastern Mediterranean, ca. 1600
Available formats

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *