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Titanate Ceramic Matrices for Alumina-Rich Wastes

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

Bruce D. Begg
Affiliation:
Materials and Engineering Science, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation New Illawarra Road, Menai, NSW, 2234, Australia
Eric R. Vance
Affiliation:
Materials and Engineering Science, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation New Illawarra Road, Menai, NSW, 2234, Australia
Huijun Li
Affiliation:
Materials and Engineering Science, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation New Illawarra Road, Menai, NSW, 2234, Australia
Terry McLeod
Affiliation:
Materials and Engineering Science, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation New Illawarra Road, Menai, NSW, 2234, Australia
Nicholas Scales
Affiliation:
Materials and Engineering Science, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation New Illawarra Road, Menai, NSW, 2234, Australia
Mugdha Bhati
Affiliation:
Materials and Engineering Science, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation New Illawarra Road, Menai, NSW, 2234, Australia
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Abstract

In the early 1980s a synroc variant, SYNROC-D, was developed for immobilisation of high-level defence waste stored at the Savannah River Plant, USA. A key phase in the immobilisation matrix was spinel, used to immobilise the large proportion of iron and alumina in the waste. Here we examine the feasibility of this approach for other alumina-rich wastes, not necessarily containing iron, derived from the dissolution of aluminium fuel cladding. The advantages of using a magnesia spinel, as opposed to hercynite (FeAl2O4), as the primary alumina-bearing phase are discussed in terms of an increase in waste loading and process flexibility. Two options for sodium incorporation, glass and the titanate phase freudenbergite, are considered.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2004

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References

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