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Structure and Dynamics of Water Adsorbed in Carbon Nanotubes: A Joint Neutron-Scattering and Molecular-Dynamics Study

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

Nicolas R. de Souza
Affiliation:
Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA
Alexander I. Kolesnikov
Affiliation:
Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA
Chun-Keung Loong
Affiliation:
Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA
Alexander P. Moravsky
Affiliation:
MER Corporation, Tucson, AZ 85706, USA
Raouf O. Loutfy
Affiliation:
MER Corporation, Tucson, AZ 85706, USA
Christian J. Burnham
Affiliation:
Henry Eyring Center for Theoretical Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
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Abstract

The advent of nanocarbons, from single- and multiple-walled nanotubes to nanohorns, avails model studies of confined molecules on the nanoscale. Water encapsulated inside the quasi-one-dimensional channels of these materials is expected to exhibit anomalous behavior due to the unique geometry of nanotubes and the weak interaction between the water molecules and the carbon atoms. We have employed neutron small-to-wide angle diffraction, quasielastic and inelastic scattering in conjunction with molecular-dynamics simulations to characterize the structures and dynamics of water adsorbed in open-ended single- and double-walled nanotubes over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. We find that a square-ice sheet wrapped next to the inner nanotube wall and a water chain in the interior are the key structural elements of nanotube-confined water/ice. This configuration results in a hydrogen-bond connectivity that markedly differs from that in bulk water. This significantly softened hydrogen-bond network manifests in strong energy shifts of the observed and simulated inter- and intra-molecular vibrations. The very large mean-square displacement of hydrogen atoms observed experimentally and the strong anharmonicity inferred from simulations explain the fluid-like behavior at temperatures far below the freezing point of normal water.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2005

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References

1. Iijima, S., Nature 354, 56 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2. Kolesnikov, A. I., Zanotti, J.-M., Loong, C.-K., Thiyagarajan, P., Moravsky, A. P., Loutfy, R. O., and Burnham, C. J., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035503 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
3. Klug, D. D., and Whalley, E., J. Chem. Phys. 81, 1220 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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Structure and Dynamics of Water Adsorbed in Carbon Nanotubes: A Joint Neutron-Scattering and Molecular-Dynamics Study
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