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Sorption of Actinides onto Granite and Altered Material from Äspö HRL

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

Bernhard Kienzler
Affiliation:
Institut für Nukleare Entsorgung, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH D-76021 Karlsruhe, GERMANY
Jürgen Römer
Affiliation:
Institut für Nukleare Entsorgung, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH D-76021 Karlsruhe, GERMANY
Dieter Schild
Affiliation:
Institut für Nukleare Entsorgung, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH D-76021 Karlsruhe, GERMANY
Walter Bernotat
Affiliation:
Institut für Nukleare Entsorgung, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH D-76021 Karlsruhe, GERMANY
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Abstract

Within the scope of a bilateral cooperation between Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB (SKB) and Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Nukleare Entsorgung (FZK-INE), actinide migration experiments with Pu, Am, and Np are conducted at the Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory. Migration experiments are complemented by batch experiments providing detailed information on the relevant retention processes for actinides onto granite and altered fracture material. The same kinds of experiments are performed with well defined minerals. α-autoradiography and XPS were used to quantify local sorption properties of the rock samples. It is shown that Np is retained by reduction to Np(IV) in the presence of Fe(II) minerals. The sorption coefficient for Pu is significantly higher compared to Np or U. Pu retention takes place on a multitude of minerals. Sorption of U is also strongly correlated with the occurrence of Fe oxide phases.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2004

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References

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