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Some Observations on the Measurement of Transport Critical Current Density in Bulk Ceramic Superconductive Wire

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 February 2011

S. Samajdar
Plasticity Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557–0030.
Shyam K. Samanta
Plasticity Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557–0030.
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The transition temperature and the critical current density of a bulk YBa2Cu3O7−x-Ag microcomposite superconductive wire, prepared by powder processing followed by warm extrusion, have been measured employing the standard AC four probe technique. Measurements were performed, at 15K and zero applied field, with varying distance between the voltage contacts, while the current contacts remained a constant distance apart. It is observed that the resistance-temperature behavior remained identical in all the cases. Interestingly, the critical current density, determined from the experimentally recorded current-voltage characteristic by applying a constant electric field criterion, is seen to increase significantly, smoothly and steadily with increasing voltage tap length. However, the critical current density remains virtually unchanged if a constant voltages criterion is applied for its determination. This paradoxical dependence of critical current density, a material property, on measurement length has been explained with the help of a simple theoretical treatment, taking into account the nature of current-voltage chracteristics as well as the phenomenon of current transfer through the metallic to the superconducting ceramic phase. It is suggested that the constant electric field criterion may not be an appropriate one to use in the evaluation of critical current density of metal-ceramic superconductive composites.

Research Article
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1992

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