Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-78bd46657c-lpzrl Total loading time: 0.421 Render date: 2021-05-06T11:05:14.650Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Sintered Reaction-Bonded Silicon Nitride by Microwave Heating

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 February 2011

Terry N. Tiegs
Affiliation:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6087
James O. Kiggans JR.
Affiliation:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6087
Kristin L. Ploetz
Affiliation:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6087
Get access

Abstract

Sintered silicon nitride has many desired properties, however, for most applications these materials are too expensive to compete with metal parts. Sintered reaction-bonded silicon nitride (SRBSN) is more economical, with raw material costs <27% those of comparable high-purity materials, making it competitive with metal parts. Conventional processing of SRBSN requires long nitridation times and a two-step firing process. Microwave (MW) heating reduces the reaction times and is performed in a one-step process, thereby simplifying the operation. The flexural strength of the MW-SRBSN is equivalent to the strength of some materials made from higher-cost powders. Thus, these materials may be appropriate for a number of applications.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1993

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

1. Katz, R. N., Nitrogen Ceramics 1976-1981, pp. 320 in Progress in Nitrogen Ceramics, ed. Riley, F. L., Martinus Nijhoff Pub., The Hague, Netherlands (1983).Google Scholar
2. Sheppard, L. M., “Cost-Effective Manufacturing of Advanced Ceramics,” Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 70[4]692707(1991)Google Scholar
3. Quadir, T., Rice, R. W., Chakraverty, J. C., Breindel, J. A., and Wu, C. C., “Development of Lower Cost Si3 N4 ,” Ceram. Eng. Sci. Proc., 12[9-10]19521957(1991)Google Scholar
4. Schoenung, J. M., “Analysis of the Economics of Silicon Nitride Powder Production,” Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 70 [1] 112116 (1991).Google Scholar
5. Das, S. and Curlee, T. R., “The Cost of Silicon Nitride Powder and the Economic Viability of Advanced Ceramics,” Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 71 [7] 11031111 (1992).Google Scholar
6. Schulz, R. B. and Johnson, D. R., “Transportation, Energy and Ceramics,” Ceram. Eng. Sci. Proc., 12[9-10]947956(1991).Google Scholar
7. Moulson, A. J., “Reaction-Bonded Silicon Nitride: Its Formation and Properties,” J. Mater. Sci., Vol. 14, pp. 10171051 (1979)Google Scholar
8. Riley, F. L., “Nitridation and Reaction Bonding,” pp. 265288 in Nitrogen Ceramics, Riley, F. L. (ed.), Noordhoff, Netherlands (1977)Google Scholar
9. Mangels, J. A. and Tennenhouse, G. J., “Densification of Reaction-Bonded Silicon Nitride,” Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 59 [12] 12161222 (1980).Google Scholar
10. Williams, R. M. and Ezis, A., “Slip Casting of Silicon Shapes and Their Nitriding,” Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 62 [5] 607619 (1983).Google Scholar
11. Ezis, A., “The Fabrication and Properties of Slip-Cast Silicon Nitride,” in Ceramics for High Performance Applications, Brook Hill Publishing Co., 207–222 (1974).Google Scholar
12. Tiegs, T. N., Kiggans, J. O., and Kimrey, H. D., “Microwave Processing of Silicon Nitride,” pp. 267272 in Microwave Processing of Materials-II, Vol. 189, Materials Research Soc., Pittsburgh, PA 1991.Google Scholar
13. Kiggans, J. O., Hubbard, C. R., Steele, R. R., Kimrey, H. D., Holcombe, C. E., and Tiegs, T. N., “Characterization of Silicon Nitride Synthesized By Microwave Heating,” in Ceramic Transactions, Microwaves, Theory, and Applications in Materials Processing, Am. Cer. Soc., Westerville, Ohio, 267272 (1991).Google Scholar
14. Kiggans, J. O. and Tiegs, T. N., “Characterization of Sintered Reaction Bonded Silicon Nitride Processed By Microwave Heating,” pp. 285290 in Microwave Processing of Materials-HI, Vol. 269, Materials Research Soc., Pittsburgh, PA 1992.Google Scholar
15. Tiegs, T. N., Kiggans, J. O., and Ploetz, K. L., “Cost-Effective Sintered Reaction-Bonded Silicon Nitride for Structural Ceramics” to be published in Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, American Ceramic SocietyGoogle Scholar
16. Binner, J. G. P., “Microwave Processing of Ceramics,” Brit. Ceram. Proc., 45, 97108 (1990).Google Scholar
17. Tiegs, T. N. and Kiggans, J. O., “Fabrication of Silicon Nitride Ceramics by Microwave Heating,” pp. 665671 in Proc. 4th International Symp. Ceram. Mater. & Compon. for Engines, Elsevier Applied Sci., New York (1992).Google Scholar
18. Tiegs, T. N. and Kiggans, J. O., and Kimrey, H. D., “Microwave Sintering of Silicon Nitride,” Ceram. Eng. Sci. Proc., 12[9-10] 19811992 (1991).Google Scholar
19. Mangels, J. A., “Sintered Reaction-Bonded Silicon Nitride,” Ceram. Eng. Sci. Proc., 2[7-8] 589603 (1981).Google Scholar
20. Stephen, R. G. and Riley, F. L., “The Influence of Pre-Oxidation on the Processing of Silicon Powder,” pp. 307314 in 4th Internat. Symp. on Ceram. Mater. Components for Engines, Elsevier Applied Science, NY (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Sintered Reaction-Bonded Silicon Nitride by Microwave Heating
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Sintered Reaction-Bonded Silicon Nitride by Microwave Heating
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Sintered Reaction-Bonded Silicon Nitride by Microwave Heating
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *