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Silicon as an Active Biomaterial

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 February 2011

L. T. Canham
Affiliation:
DRAMalvern, St Andrews Road, Malvern, Worcestershire. WR14 3PS, UK.
C. L. Reeves
Affiliation:
DRAMalvern, St Andrews Road, Malvern, Worcestershire. WR14 3PS, UK.
D. J. Wallis
Affiliation:
DRAMalvern, St Andrews Road, Malvern, Worcestershire. WR14 3PS, UK.
J. P. Newey
Affiliation:
DRAMalvern, St Andrews Road, Malvern, Worcestershire. WR14 3PS, UK.
M. R. Houlton
Affiliation:
DRAMalvern, St Andrews Road, Malvern, Worcestershire. WR14 3PS, UK.
G. J. Sapsford
Affiliation:
DRAMalvern, St Andrews Road, Malvern, Worcestershire. WR14 3PS, UK.
R. E. Godfrey
Affiliation:
DRAMalvern, St Andrews Road, Malvern, Worcestershire. WR14 3PS, UK.
A. Loni
Affiliation:
DRAMalvern, St Andrews Road, Malvern, Worcestershire. WR14 3PS, UK.
A. J. Simons
Affiliation:
DRAMalvern, St Andrews Road, Malvern, Worcestershire. WR14 3PS, UK.
T. I. Cox
Affiliation:
DRAMalvern, St Andrews Road, Malvern, Worcestershire. WR14 3PS, UK.
M. C. L. Ward
Affiliation:
DRAMalvern, St Andrews Road, Malvern, Worcestershire. WR14 3PS, UK.
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Abstract

The response of a range of porous Si and poly Si films to storage in acellular simulated body fluids is summarised and its implications discussed. It is suggested that the combination of VLSI technology, micromachining and surface microstructuring achievable with silicon, could establish this prominent semiconductor as a very useful biomaterial by the next century. The ‘biocompatibility’ of a variety of silicon microstructures, and even bulk silicon has received surprisingly little study, but now warrants detailed in-vitro and in-vivo assessment.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1997

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