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Search and Synthesis of New Family of Quasicrystals

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

Tsutomu Ishimasa
Affiliation:
Division of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060–8628, Japan
Shiro Kashimoto
Affiliation:
Division of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060–8628, Japan
Ryo Maezawa
Affiliation:
Division of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060–8628, Japan
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Abstract

Starting from the Zn17Sc3 cubic approximant, new icosahedral quasicrystal was searched by substituting Zn by other metals, M, at the alloy composition of Zn75M10Sc15. In the cases of M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Pd, Pt, Ag and Au, new P-type quasicrystals were discovered in as-cast alloys. In the cases of M = Fe, Co, Ni, Pd and Ag, the quasicrystals are thermodynamically stable at approximately 700 °C. This result indicates that use of an approximant crystal as a starting material is very efficient way to search new quasicrystal alloy, and many kinds of metals stabilize the quasicrystal structures; i.e. noble metals and transition elements including Mn, Fe, Co and Ni in addition to Mg. Taking the variety in base metals of Tsai-type approximants into account, this variety in additional components suggests many possibilities of undiscovered quasicrystals. The equality ofthe electron concentration, ela ≈ 2.1, in Hume-Rothery rule may be a guide to these quasicrystals.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2004

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