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Production of High Surface Area Activated Carbon from Coconut Husk

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 March 2014

Paul R. Armstrong
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, The Pennsylvania State University-Altoona College, PA 16601, U.S.A.
Zachary J. Morchesky
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, U.S.A.
Dustin T. Hess
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, U.S.A.
Kofi W. Adu
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, The Pennsylvania State University-Altoona College, PA 16601, U.S.A. Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, U.S.A.
David. K. Essumang
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
Joseph K. Tufour
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
Joseph E. Koranteng-Addo
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
Kwasi Opoku-Boadu
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
Samuel Y. Mensah
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, Laser and Fibre Optics Centre, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
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Abstract

We present preliminary results on a processing protocol by chemical activation that transforms organic waste product such as coconut husk into high surface area activated carbon. Dried raw materials of the coconut husk were carbonized anaerobically into char. The char was impregnated with KOH of different ratios and were activated at 800°C and 900°C. The transmission electron microscope was used to acquire structural and morphological information of the activated carbon, and the surface area and porosity analysis were performed using Micromeritics ASAP 2020 analyzer. The activated carbons show both micropores and mesopores with specific surface area as high as 2900m2/g.

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Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2014 

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