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Phosphorescence Quantum Efficiency and Intermolecular Interaction of Iridium(III) Complexes in Co-Deposited Films with Organic Semiconducting Hosts

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

Yuichiro Kawamura
Affiliation:
CREST program, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), 1–32–12 Higashi, Shibuya, Tokyo 150–0011, Japan
Kenichi Goushi
Affiliation:
Department of Photonics Materials Science, Chitose Institute of Science & Technology (CIST), 758–65 Bibi, Chitose, Hokkaido 066–8655, Japan
Jason Brooks
Affiliation:
Universal Display Corporation, 375 Phillips Blvd., Ewing, NJ 08618, U.S.A.
Julie J. Brown
Affiliation:
Universal Display Corporation, 375 Phillips Blvd., Ewing, NJ 08618, U.S.A.
Hiroyuki Sasabe
Affiliation:
CREST program, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), 1–32–12 Higashi, Shibuya, Tokyo 150–0011, Japan Department of Photonics Materials Science, Chitose Institute of Science & Technology (CIST), 758–65 Bibi, Chitose, Hokkaido 066–8655, Japan
Chihaya Adachi
Affiliation:
CREST program, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), 1–32–12 Higashi, Shibuya, Tokyo 150–0011, Japan Department of Photonics Materials Science, Chitose Institute of Science & Technology (CIST), 758–65 Bibi, Chitose, Hokkaido 066–8655, Japan
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Abstract

We accurately measured the absolute photoluminescence (PL) quantum efficiency (ηPL) of organic solid-state thin films by using an integrating sphere. We measured the ηPL of conventional organic materials used in organic light emitting diodes, such as a tris (8-quinolionolato)aluminum(III) complex (Alq3), and a phosphorescent 1.5mol%-fac-tris(2-phenylpyridyl)iridium(III):4, 4'-bis(carbazol-9-yl)-2, 2'-biphenyl [Ir(ppy)3:CBP] co-deposited film. Alq3 and Ir(ppy)3:CBP showed a ηPL = 20 ± 1% and 97 ± 2%, which corresponded well to external electroluminescence efficiency using these materials. We also measured red emitting bis[2-(2'-benzothienyl)pyridinato-N, C 3'] (acetylacetonato) iridium(III) [Btp2Ir(acac)] with CBP, and the blue complex, bis[(4, 6-difluorophenyl)pyridinato-N, C 2](picolinato)iridium(III) [FIrpic], with m-bis(N -carbazolyl)benzene. The maximum ηPL values for Btp2Ir(acac), and FIrpic were 51±1% (at 1.4mol%), and 99±1% (1.2mol%), respectively. These results suggest that the ηEL of red phosphorescent OLEDs using Btp2Ir(acac) as the dopant can be as high as 10%, and blue devices using FIrpic can reach the theoretical limit of 20%.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2005

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Phosphorescence Quantum Efficiency and Intermolecular Interaction of Iridium(III) Complexes in Co-Deposited Films with Organic Semiconducting Hosts
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