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Optically Active Nanoparticle Coated Polystyrene Spheres

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 May 2013

Brandy Kinkead
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry and 4D LABS, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
Abdiwali A. Ali
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry and 4D LABS, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
John-C. Boyer
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry and 4D LABS, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
Byron D. Gates
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry and 4D LABS, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
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Abstract

Nanoparticles (NPs) with either plasmonic or upconverting properties have been selectively coated onto the surfaces of polystyrene (PS) spheres, imparting their optical properties to the PS colloids. These NP coated PS spheres have many potential applications, such as in medicine as drug-delivery systems or diagnostic tools. To prepare the NP coated PS spheres, gold or core-shell NaYF4Tm0.5Yb30/NaYF4 NPs were synthesized and separately combined with amino-functionalized PS spheres. The mechanism by which the NPs adhered to the PS spheres is attributed to interactions of the NP and a polyvinylpyrrolidone additive with the surfaces of the PS spheres. Two-photon fluorescence microscopy and SERS analysis demonstrate the potential applications of these NP coated PS spheres.

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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2013 

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