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On the Properties of Ultra High Strength Concrete With Particular Reference to Heat of Hydration

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 February 2011

Leif Aarsleff
Faerdigbeton Aalborg A/S, Hjulmagervej 27-31, DK-9000 Aalborg, Denmark.
Jorn Bredal-Jorgensen
AEC Consulting Eng A/S, Holte Midtpunkt, DK-2840 Holte, Denmark.
Ervin Poulsen
Danish Engineering Academy, Block 373, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark.
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It has been observed that the heat of hydration for concrete under practical conditions not only depends on the type of cement and the content of cement and silica fume in the concrete but also depends on the w/c-ratio of the concrete. On.microscopic examination of concrete having low w/c-ratio it has been observed that the cement compounds are left partly unhydrated. However, the unhydrated cement compounds exist for all values of the w/c-ratio, but appear to increase with decreasing value of the w/c-ratio, particularly when w/c < 0.35.

This fact wIll influence the present way of estimating the heat of hydration when a thermal stress analysis is to be carried out for an ultra high strength concrete in order to prevent the concrete from crackling due to temperature differences across a massive cross-section.

The tests are carried out with concrete having a compression strength greater than 100 MPa (∼ 14,000 psi). In order to obtain samples drilled from the same casting for compression tests, microscopic investigatlon, penetration tests and freezing/thawing-investigation rather large specimens are used. A very effective insulation of the concrete is provided, and the temperature of the concrete is recorded by thermo-couples.

The structure of the cement paste is studied using petrographical examination of thin-sections and polished samples. The tests on penetration and freezing/thawing are not dealt with in this paper.

Research Article
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1985

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