Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768dbb666b-t89mg Total loading time: 0.684 Render date: 2023-02-03T01:36:09.864Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Nickel Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube Composite Electrode for Hydrogen Generation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 April 2012

Nitin Kalra
Affiliation:
Materials Science and Engineering, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, United States.
Kalathur Santhanam
Affiliation:
Materials Science and Engineering, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, United States. Department of Chemistry, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, United States.
David Olney
Affiliation:
Materials Science and Engineering, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, United States.
Get access

Abstract

The electrochemical decomposition of water is an attractive method, however, the performance of the electrodes and efficiencies are of great concern in its large scale production. In this context, we wish to report here the superior performance of Ni-multiwalled carbon nanotube composite as cathode in the decomposition of water. The current voltage curves recorded with this electrode in different media showed a significant electrocatalysis in the reduction of hydrogen ion; the background electrolysis is shifted in the anodic direction. The nanocomposite composition has been found to be crucial in the efficient production of hydrogen. A coulombic efficiency of about 68% has been obtained at this electrode with a hydrogen production rate of 130L/m2 d. This electrode is more efficient than the 316L stainless steel (composition in percentage: C 0.019, Cr 17.3, Mo 2.04, Ni 11.3, Mn 1.04, N 0.041, Fe bulk) cathode that produces 10 ml/h at an area of 20 cm2 (5L/m2.h) (2). The results obtained with different electrolytes, performance variation with electrode composition, and current densities will be presented. The trials carried out using solar panel instead of DC power source showed similar hydrogen production rates and efficiencies.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2012

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES

1. Press, R., Santhanam, K.S.V., Bailey, A., Miri, M. and Takacs, G., Introduction to Hydrogen Technology, Wiley, NJ, 2009 Google Scholar
2. Olivares-Ramireza, J.M., Campos-Corneliob, M.L., Uribe Godinezab, J., Borja-Arcob, E. and Castellanosb, R.H., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 32, 3170 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
3. De Silva Munoz, L., Bergel, A., Feron, D. and Basseguy, R., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 35, 8561 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
4. Seehra, M.S., Ranganathan, S. and Manivannan, A., Appl. Physics Letters, 90, 44104 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
5. Ulleberg, O., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 28,21 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
6. Coughlin, R.W. and Farooque, M., J. Appl. Electrochem., 10, 729 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7. Berry, G.D., Encyclopedia of Energy, 253 (2004)Google Scholar
8. De Silva Muniz, L., Bergel, A., Feron, D. and Basseguy, R., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 35, 8561 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
9. Kibria, M.F., Mridha, M.S. and Khan, A.H., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 20, 435 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
10. Dunn, S., Int. J. Hydrogen Energ, 27, 235 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
11. Olivares-Ramirrez, J.M., Campos-Cornelio, M.L., Godinez, J. U., Borja-Arco, E. and Castellanos, R.H., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 32, 3170 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
12. Klingler, R.J. and Kochi, J.K., J Phys Chem 85, 1731 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
13. Nugent, J. M., Santhanam, K. S. V., Rubio, A. and Ajayan, P. M., Nano Letters., 1, 87 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
14. Santhanam, K.S.V. and Lein, G., Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 24, .249, (2010)Google Scholar
15. Perez-Herranz, V., Perez Page, M. and Beneito, R., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 35, 912 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
16. Herring, J.S., O’Brien, J.E.O., Stoots, C.M. and Hawkes, G.L., Hartvigsen, J.J. and Shahnam, M., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 32, 440 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
17. Marcelo, D. and Dell’Era, A., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 33, 3041 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
18. Munoz, L.D.. Bergel, A., Feron, D. and Basseguy, R., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 35, 8571 (2010)Google Scholar

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Nickel Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube Composite Electrode for Hydrogen Generation
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Nickel Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube Composite Electrode for Hydrogen Generation
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Nickel Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube Composite Electrode for Hydrogen Generation
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *