Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-99c86f546-vl2kb Total loading time: 0.279 Render date: 2021-11-28T14:36:38.552Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Neutron diffraction and electrochemical studies of LixNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

Shih-Chieh Yin
Affiliation:
Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario, Canada. K0J 1J0
Young-Ho Rho
Affiliation:
Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario, Canada. K0J 1J0
Ian Swainson
Affiliation:
Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario, Canada. K0J 1J0
Linda F. Nazar
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. N2L 3G1
Get access

Abstract

Amongst solid solutions of the Li-Ni-Mn-Co-O series, LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 has received much attention owing to its high capacity and thermal stability. A major issue in these ordered rock salt structures is the irreversibility on the first cycle, and degree of Li+/Ni2+ cation disorder which inhibits the rate capability. To examine these factors, different synthesis methods were employed which led to LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 that exhibited varying degrees of cation disorder. Neutron diffraction studies were carried out on samples (LixNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2, x = 1.00 → 0.04) prepared by chemical oxidation. The studies reveal that the extent of Ni2+/Li+ disorder between the 3b and 3a sites was preserved on Li extraction and re-insertion. Complete extraction of lithium to form the O1 phase was achieved in some materials. However, reformation of the O3 phase on chemical relithiation does not occur in these cases, whereas materials that only partly convert to the Ol phase exhibit complete conversion back to the O3 phase on relithiation. The differences are attributed to lithium site occupancy/stoichiometry and crystallite size effects.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2005

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

1 Mizushima, K., Jones, P. C., Wiseman, P. J. and Goodenough, J. B., Mat. Res. Bull., 15, 783. (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2 Dahn, J. R., von Sacken, U., Juskow, M. W., and Al-Janabi, J., J. Electrochem. Soc., 138, 2207, (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
3 Delmas, C., Saadoune, I., and Rougier, A., J. Power Sources, 43/44, 595, (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
4 Dahn, J. R., von Sacken, U., and Michal, C. A., Solid state Ionics, 44, 87, (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
5 Ohzuku, T., Makimura, Y., Chem. Lett., 642, (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
6 Ohzuku, T., and Makimura, Y., Chem. Lett., 744, (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7 Lu, Z., MacNeil, D. D., and Dahn, J. R., ESSL., 4 (12), A200, (2001).Google Scholar
8 Ammundsen, B., Paulsen, J., Davidson, I., Liu, R.-S., Shen, C.-H., Chen, J.-M., Jang, L.-Y., and Lee, J.-F.. J. Electrochem. Soc., 149(4), A431, (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
9 Ohzuku, T., Yabuuchi, N., J. Power Sources, 119, 171, (2003).Google Scholar
10 Venkatraman, S., Choi, J., Manthiram, A., Electrochem. Comm., 6, 832, (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
11 Delmas, C., Fouassier, C., and Hagenmuller, P., Physica, 99B, 81, (1980).Google Scholar
12 Jouanneau, S., Eberman, K. W., Krause, L. J., and Dahn, J. R., J. Electrochem. Soc., 150(12), A1637, (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
13 Koyama, Y., Tanaka, I., Adachi, H., Makimura, Y., and Ohzuku, T., J. Powder Sources, 119–121, 644, (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
14 Kim, J.-M., Chung, H.-T., Electrochimica Acta, 49, 937, (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
15 Amatucci, G. G., Tarascon, J. M., and Klein, L. C., J. Electrochem. Soc., 143, 1114, (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
16 Croguennec, L., Poullerie, C. and Delmas, C., J. Electrochem. Soc., 147, 1314 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
17 Croguennec, L., Pouillerie, C., Mansour, A. N., and Delmas, C., J. Mater. Chem., 11, 131, (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
18 Grey, C. P., Yoon, W.-S., Reed, J., and Ceder, G.. ESSL., 7(9), A290, (2004).Google Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Neutron diffraction and electrochemical studies of LixNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Neutron diffraction and electrochemical studies of LixNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Neutron diffraction and electrochemical studies of LixNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *