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Microcharacterization of Heterogeneous Specimens Containing Tire Dust

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 February 2011

Marina Camatini
Affiliation:
Dept. of Environmental Sciences, University of Milano - Bicocca, I - 20126 Milano, IT
GAI M Corbetta
Affiliation:
Dept. of Environmental Sciences, University of Milano - Bicocca, I - 20126 Milano, IT
Giovanini F Crosta
Affiliation:
Dept. of Environmental Sciences, University of Milano - Bicocca, I - 20126 Milano, IT Center for Electromagnetic Materials and Optical Systems, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA 01854
Tigran Dolukhanyan
Affiliation:
Center for Advanced Materials, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA 01854
Giampaolo Giuiani
Affiliation:
Pirelli Pneumatici, I - 20126 Milano, IT
Changmo Sung
Affiliation:
Center for Advanced Materials, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA 01854
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Abstract

This work is focused on dust or debris produced by the wear of tire tread. Two problems are addressed, which are solved by analytical electron microscopy (AEM): characterization of tire debris and identification of tire debris particles in a heterogeneous specimen. The characteristic morphology, microstructure and elemental composition of tire debris can all be determined by AEM. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) shows that the surface of a tire debris particle has a typical, warped structure with pores. The characteristic elements of tire rubber are S and Zn, which are detected by energy dispersive X ray (EDX) spectroscopy. The identification of rubber particles in heterogeneous debris containing talc and produced by a laboratory abrader is possible by the analytical SEM. Transmission electron microscope images, EDX spectra and selected area electron diffraction patterns characterize tire debris at the sub–micron scale, where the material can no longer be treated as homogeneous.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2001

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