Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-cf9d5c678-5tm97 Total loading time: 0.146 Render date: 2021-08-01T05:19:17.797Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Metal-Based Iodine Bearing Materials Prepared by Mechanical Milling

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2015

Song Wang
Affiliation:
New Jersey Institute of Technology Newark, NJ 07102
Amy Corcoran
Affiliation:
New Jersey Institute of Technology Newark, NJ 07102
Victoria Leybova
Affiliation:
New Jersey Institute of Technology Newark, NJ 07102
Edward L. Dreizin
Affiliation:
New Jersey Institute of Technology Newark, NJ 07102
Get access

Abstract

Recent research has demonstrated that ternary aluminum-boron-iodine (Al-B-I2) materials prepared by mechanical milling are effective in generating biocidal combustion products. Such reactive materials are of interest for the munitions aimed to defeat stockpiles of biological weapons. In this research, ternary Mg∙B∙I2 composites were synthesized using two-stage milling. The first stage consisted of a binary B∙I2 powder prepared by mechanical milling, followed by addition of magnesium for iodine stabilization. Specific compositions for each ternary material were varied. Stability of the samples was assessed by their heating in argon at a constant rate using Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) and observing weight loss. Oxidation of the prepared powders was also studied by TGA. Ternary Mg∙B∙I2 composite powders prepared by two-stage milling were more stable than any of the previously prepared iodine-bearing materials with the same concentration of iodine (20 wt %). Particle size distributions were measured using low-angle laser light scattering. Powders were ignited using in an air-acetylene flame and in a constant volume explosion apparatus. Particle burn times and temperatures were measured optically. Substantially longer burn times and lower temperatures were observed for the prepared materials compared to the reference pure Mg powder.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Eneh, O. C., “Biological weapons-agents for life and environmental destruction,” Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology, vol. 6, pp. 6587, 2012.Google Scholar
Zhang, S., Schoenitz, M., and Dreizin, E. L., “Iodine release, oxidation, and ignition of mechanically alloyed Al-I composites,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 114, pp. 1965319659, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grinshpun, S. A., Li, C., Adhikari, A., Yermakov, M., Reponen, T., Schoenitz, M., Dreizin, E., Hoffmann, V., and Trunov, M., “Method for studying survival of airborne viable microorganisms in combustion environments: Development and evaluation,”Aerosol and Air Quality Research, vol. 10, pp. 414424, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Farley, C. and Pantoya, M., “Reaction kinetics of nanometric aluminum and iodine pentoxide,” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol. 102, pp. 609613, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clark, B. R. and Pantoya, M. L., “The aluminium and iodine pentoxide reaction for the destruction of spore forming bacteria,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol.12, pp. 1265312657, 2010.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ward, T. S., Trunov, M. A., Schoenitz, M., and Dreizin, E. L., “Experimental methodology and heat transfer model for identification of ignition kinetics of powdered fuels,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 49, pp. 49434954, 2006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Santhanam, P. R., Hoffmann, V. K., Trunov, M. A., and Dreizin, E. L., “Characteristics of aluminum combustion obtained from constant-volume explosion experiments,” Combustion Science and Technology, vol. 182, pp. 904921, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Trunov, M. A., Hoffmann, V. K. H., Schoenitz, M., and Dreizin, E. L., “Combustion of boron-titanium nanocomposite powders in different environments,” Sacramento, CA, 2006, pp. 48824891.CrossRef
Corcoran, A. L., Hoffmann, V. K., and Dreizin, E. L., “Aluminum particle combustion in turbulent flames,” Combustion and Flame, vol. 160, pp. 718724, 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Metal-Based Iodine Bearing Materials Prepared by Mechanical Milling
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Metal-Based Iodine Bearing Materials Prepared by Mechanical Milling
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Metal-Based Iodine Bearing Materials Prepared by Mechanical Milling
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *