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Kinetic Competition in Undercooled Liquid Alloys

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 February 2011

J. H. Perepezko
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, 1509 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706
D. R. Allen
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, 1509 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706
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Abstract

Most alloy systems can develop more than one solid phase for a given composition during solidification. For metastable undercooled liquids a thermodynamic analysis can provide insight into the range of structural and compositional options that are possible. The numerous examples of metastable phase formation during solidification of undercooled melts demonstrates that the actual phase selection is dominated by kinetics. Indeed, the observation of undercooling is linked to kinetic control. Different forms of kinetic control can be identified and include suppression of heterogeneous nucleation during slow cooling and constrained growth during rapid quenching. In both cases the kinetic competition involved in phase selection is mediated by the thermal history. Nucleation controlled kinetics can be examined in fine powders of undercooled liquids where crystallization rates and metastable phase diagrams provide a basis for analysis. Similarly, constrained growth can be examined during controlled cooling where microstructures and kinetic models can be used for analysis. The existing kinetics models appear to be adequate but the processing conditions are often dynamic and in nonsteady state conditions so that critical tests are difficult unless specific kinetic transitions are available.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1998

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