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Electro-static discharge ignition of monolayers of nanocomposite thermite powders prepared by Arrested Reactive Milling

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 March 2015

Ian Monk
Affiliation:
New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102
Rayon Williams
Affiliation:
New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102
Xinhang Liu
Affiliation:
New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102
Edward L. Dreizin
Affiliation:
New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102
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Abstract

Reactive nanocomposite powders with compositions 2Al∙3CuO, 2.35Al∙Bi2O3, 2Al∙Fe2O3, and 2Al∙MoO3 were prepared by arrested reactive milling, placed in monolayers on a conductive substrate and ignited by an electro-static discharge (ESD) or spark in air, argon, and vacuum. The ESD was produced by discharging a 2000 pF capacitor charged to a voltage varied from 5 to 20 kV. Emission from ignited particles was monitored using a photomultiplier equipped with an interference filter. Experimental variables included particle sizes, milling time used to prepare composite particles, surrounding environment, and starting ESD voltage. All materials ignited in all environments, producing individual burning particles that were ejected from the substrate. The spark duration varied from 1 to 5 µs; the duration of the produced emission pulse was in the range of 80 – 250 µs for all materials studied. The longest emission duration was observed for the nanocomposite thermite using MoO3 as an oxidizer. The reaction rates of the ESD-initiated powders were defined primarily by the scale of mixing of and reactive interface area between the fuel and oxidizer in composite materials rather than by the external particle surface or particle dimensions. In vacuum, particles were heated by ESD while remaining on the substrate until they began generating gas combustion products. In air and argon, particles initially pre-heated by ESD were lifted and accelerated to ca. 100 m/s by the generated shock wave; the airborne particles continued self-heating due to heterogeneous redox reactions.

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Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2015 

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Electro-static discharge ignition of monolayers of nanocomposite thermite powders prepared by Arrested Reactive Milling
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