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Electrospinning of Ultrahigh-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene Nanofibers

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

Dmitry M. Rein
Affiliation:
cerycdr@tx.technion.ac.il, Technion, Chemical Engineering, Technion City, Haifa, N/A, Israel, 972-4-8292113, 972-4-8295672
Yachin Cohen
Affiliation:
yachinc@tx.technion.ac.il, Technion, Department of Chemical Engineering, Technion City, Haifa, N/A, Israel
Avner Ronen
Affiliation:
avnerr@tx.technion.ac.il, Technion, Department of Chemical Engineering, Technion City, Haifa, N/A, Israel
Eyal Zussman
Affiliation:
meeyal@tx.technion.ac.il, Technion, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technion City, Haifa, N/A, Israel
Kim Shuster
Affiliation:
kshuster@tx.technion.ac.il, Technion, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technion City, Haifa, N/A, Israel
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Abstract

The electrospinning method was employed to fabricate extremely fine nanofibers of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) for the first time, using a mixture of solvents with different dielectric constant and conductivity. A novel experimental device for elevated temperature electrospinning of highly volatile and quickly crystallizing polymer solutions and melts was developed. The possibility to produce the highly oriented nanofibers from ultra-high molecular weight polymers suggests new ways for fabrication of ultra-strong, porous, surface modified fibers and single-component nanocomposite yarn with improved properties.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2008

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