Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55b6f6c457-rq6d8 Total loading time: 0.256 Render date: 2021-09-28T06:01:10.904Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Electrochemical Deposition of Bismuth Micro- and Nanowires Using Electroplate and Lift Lithography

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 January 2013

Timea Hohl
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point, WI 54481, U.S.A. University of Debrecen, Debrecen, H-4010, Hungary
Lori A. Lepak
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point, WI 54481, U.S.A.
Andrew Zimmerman
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point, WI 54481, U.S.A.
Samuel Hempel
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point, WI 54481, U.S.A.
Anirudha V. Sumant
Affiliation:
Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, IL 60439, U.S.A.
Ralu Divan
Affiliation:
Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, IL 60439, U.S.A.
C. Suzanne Miller
Affiliation:
Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, IL 60439, U.S.A.
Daniel Rosenmann
Affiliation:
Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, IL 60439, U.S.A.
Christopher Verzani
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point, WI 54481, U.S.A.
Endre Takács
Affiliation:
University of Debrecen, Debrecen, H-4010, Hungary
Michael P. Zach
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point, WI 54481, U.S.A.
Get access

Abstract

Patterned micro- and nanowires of several compositions in the solution series of BixTey were electrochemically deposited using Electroplate and Lift (E&L) Lithography on Ultrananocrystalline Diamond (UNCD) templates. The composition of the deposited BixTey wires was controlled by mixing saturated solutions of bismuth nitrate and tellurium in various ratios in the electroplating bath. All wires were electroplated via pulsed depositions at -1.4V vs. the saturated calomel electrode (SCE). The morphology and composition of all wires were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). In general, the BixTey wires were fine-grained and brittle, often fracturing during the liftoff process. By contrast, wires containing less than 5% Te are smooth, and strong enough to support their own weight without a supporting medium for a length of over 100 times the wire diameter.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2012 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Sootsman, J., Chung, D. and Kanatzidis, M., Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2009, 48: 86168639 10.1002/anie.200900598CrossRef
Dresselhaus, Mildred, Perspectives on Recent Advances in Thermoelectric Materials Research, Thermoelectrics Applications Workshop, September 30, 2009
Menke, E. J., Brown, M. A., Li, Q., Hemminger, J. C. and Penner, R. M., Langmuir, 2006, 22 (25), pp 1056410574.10.1021/la061275gCrossRef
Seley, D. B., Dissing, D. A., Sumant, A. V., Divan, R., Miller, S., Auciello, O., Lepak, L. A., Terrell, E. A., Shogren, T. J., Fahrner, D. A., Hamilton, J. P., Zach, M. P., ACS Apl. Mater. Interfaces, 2011, 3(4), pp 925930.10.1021/am101226wCrossRef
Jones, D., Lepak, L. A., Sumant, A. V., Divan, R., Auciello, O., Seley, D. B., Dissing, D. A., Miller, S., Rosenmann, D., Daniels, E., Gervais, R., and Zach, M. P., MA 2011, Proc. Mater. Res. Soc., doi: 10.1557/opl.2012.664, published online 30 March 2012 CrossRef
Grodek, C., Lepak, L. A., Sumant, A. V., Divan, R., Auciello, O., Rosenmann, D., Miller, S., Daniels, E., and Zach, M. P., MA 2011, Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. doi: 10.1557/opl.2012.247, published online 13 February 2012 CrossRef
All Bi stock solutions were 0.72M. For electroplating mixtures < 20% Te, a Te stock solution of 0.036M was mixed with Bi stock as follows: 5mL Te/20mL Bi (1.2% Te); 12mL Te/18mL Bi (3.2% Te); 10mL Te/10mL Bi (4.7% Te); 18mL Te/12mL Bi (6.9% Te); 20mL Te/10mL Bi (8.8% Te); 20mL Te/5mL Bi (16.6% Te). For electroplating mixtures > 20% Te, a Te stock solution of 0.061M was mixed with the Bi stock as follows: 19mL Te/6mL Bi (21.2% Te); 21mL Te/4 mL Bi (30.7% Te); 22mL Te/3mL Bi (38.2% Te); 23mL Te/2mL Bi (49.2% Te); 24mL Te/1mL Bi (66.9% Te); and 49mL Te/1mL Bi (80.5% Te)

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Electrochemical Deposition of Bismuth Micro- and Nanowires Using Electroplate and Lift Lithography
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Electrochemical Deposition of Bismuth Micro- and Nanowires Using Electroplate and Lift Lithography
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Electrochemical Deposition of Bismuth Micro- and Nanowires Using Electroplate and Lift Lithography
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *