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Electrical Active Defects in the Band-Gap Induced by Ge-Preamorphization of Si-Substrates

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 February 2011

F. Boussaid
Affiliation:
LAAS-CNRS, 7 Av. du Colonel Roche, 31077 Toulouse Cedex 4, France, boussaid@laas.fr
F. Olivie
Affiliation:
LAAS-CNRS, 7 Av. du Colonel Roche, 31077 Toulouse Cedex 4, France, boussaid@laas.fr
M. Benzohra
Affiliation:
LEMI, Université de Rouen, FRANCE
D. Alquier
Affiliation:
LAAS-CNRS, 7 Av. du Colonel Roche, 31077 Toulouse Cedex 4, France, boussaid@laas.fr
A. Claverie
Affiliation:
CEMES-CNRS, BP 4347 31055 Toulouse Cedex, FRANCE
A. Martinez
Affiliation:
LAAS-CNRS, 7 Av. du Colonel Roche, 31077 Toulouse Cedex 4, France, boussaid@laas.fr CEMES-CNRS, BP 4347 31055 Toulouse Cedex, FRANCE LEMI, Université de Rouen, FRANCE INSA, Complexe scientifique de Rangueil, 31400 Cedex, FRANCE
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Abstract

Ultra-shallow p+ -n junctions have been obtained from Ge+ -preamorphized and crystalline <100> silicon substrates. B+ and BF2 + dopants have been used. Boron was implanted at low energy 3 keV / 1015 cm−2 while an equivalent energy of 15 keV / 1015 cm−2 was chosen for BF2 +. Rapid Thermal Annealing (RTA) for 15 s at 950 °C was then used for dopant electrical activation and implantation damage removal. Electrically active defects in these samples were characterized using Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy (DLTS) and isothermal transient capacitance (ΔC(t, T)). Two electron traps were detected in the upper half of the band gap at Ec – 0.20 eV and Ec – 0.45 eV, respectively. These traps are shown to be induced by the Ge+ preamorphization stage. Dopant implantation along with RTA result in the formation of a depth distributed energy continuum for B+ and BF2 + implants. Each continuum has been ascribed to annealing residual defects. Low energy B+ implantation is seen to induce twice as many defects as BF2 +, implantation. From isothermal transient capacitance (ΔC(t, T)), reliable damage concentration profiles have been obtained, revealing that preamorphization induces not only defects in the regrown silicon layer but also a relatively high concentration of electrically active defects up to 3.5 μm into the bulk.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1998

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References

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