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Efficiency of inhibitors for chloride-induced crevice corrosion of Alloy 22

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 March 2012

Mauricio Rincón Ortíz
Affiliation:
Departamento Materiales, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Argentina. Instituto Sabato, UNSAM / CNEA, Argentina. CONICET, Argentina.
Martín A. Rodríguez
Affiliation:
Departamento Materiales, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Argentina. Instituto Sabato, UNSAM / CNEA, Argentina. CONICET, Argentina.
Ricardo M. Carranza
Affiliation:
Departamento Materiales, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Argentina. Instituto Sabato, UNSAM / CNEA, Argentina.
Raul B. Rebak
Affiliation:
GE Global Research, USA
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Abstract

Alloy 22 is considered as a candidate for engineered barriers of nuclear repositories. Chloride is the only species present in groundwater that is able to promote crevice corrosion, if severe conditions such as high temperatures and a tight crevice are present. Other species present in groundwater have been shown to be inhibitors or non-detrimental species. The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of different species potentially found in groundwaters as possible inhibitors of crevice corrosion of Alloy 22. The crevice corrosion repassivation potential of Alloy 22 was determined in chloride plus inhibitor solutions at 90ºC. The species tested as inhibitors were nitrate, sulfate, carbonate, bicarbonate, chromate, molybdate and tungstate. Nitrate was the most efficient among tested inhibitors. The carbonate was the only species of the carbonate / bicarbonate / carbonic acid equilibrium able to inhibit the chloride-induced crevice corrosion of Alloy 22. Sulfate, chromate and molybdate were moderately good inhibitors.

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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2012

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References

REFERENCES

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