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Double-wall Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized by the Abnormal Glow Discharge Plasma Method
Published online by Cambridge University Press: 11 February 2011
Double-wall carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) and single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have been synthesized by the DC abnormal glow discharge plasma CVD method using methane and hydrogen gas on a Si substrate coated with catalyst. Fe(NO3)2 and Mo(CH3COCHCOCH3)2O2 with Al2O3 support were used as catalysts. The growth temperatures were 1000 − 1400°C and the gas pressures were 9kPa - 13kPa. DC plasma was generated between an array of four W cathodes and a Cu disk anode, and the applied power was 4000–10000W (2.5–4.0A per cathode, 400–800V). Samples were characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and micro-Raman spectroscopy using 514.5 nm Ar ion laser excitation. The HRTEM images showed that many carbon nanotubes had a concentric cylindrical graphene layer structure (DWCNTs). We measured the diameters of the carbon nanotubes (CNTs) from HRTEM images. The outer diameter of the DWNT was 1.52–1.64nm and the inner diameter of the DWNT was 0.73–0.81nm.
- Research Article
- MRS Online Proceedings Library (OPL) , Volume 750: Symposium Y – Surface Engineering 2002–Synthesis, Characterization and Applications , 2002 , Y5.48
- Copyright © Materials Research Society 2003