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Comparative Study of Thermodynamic Properties of Metallic and Semiconducting Nanoparticles in Dielectric Matrix

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 February 2011

A. Stella
Affiliation:
Physics Department, University of Pavia, via Bassi 6, 27100 Pavia, Italy
P. Cheyssac
Affiliation:
University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France
R. Kofman
Affiliation:
LAMEL Institute of National Research Council, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
P.G. Merli
Affiliation:
LAMEL Institute of National Research Council, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
A. Migliori
Affiliation:
LAMEL Institute of National Research Council, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
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Abstract

The mechanism of growth as well as optical and microstructural data dealing with the process of melting of metallic (Pb, Sn) and semiconducting (Ge) particles in dielectric matrix are reported and discussed. Details are given on the growth of such systems based on a self organization method that allows a rather regular shape of the particles (truncated spheres) relative low size dispersion (≤ 20%), wide range of particle size variation and negligible effects due to stress or contamination. The features of these growth techniques allow a careful study of the melting behavior vs. size that has been investigated using optical reflectivity methods and transmission electron microscopy techniques. These experimental results have made possible a careful investigation on the thermodynamics of these systems and the deduction of interesting data concerning: a) conditions for the existence of surface melting and decrease of melting temperature; b) interfacial effects related to shape and curvature of the particles; c) onset of rotations and phase fluctuations in connection with surface melting.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1996

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