Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-dc8c957cd-fcmtc Total loading time: 0.186 Render date: 2022-01-27T12:49:57.640Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Chemically Robust Phthalocyanines: Photosensitizer and Electron Shuttle in Solid State Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 June 2015

Patrick J. Dwyer
Affiliation:
Center for Computational Research, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey 07079, U.S.A
Rory J. Vander Valk
Affiliation:
Center for Computational Research, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey 07079, U.S.A
Stephen P. Kelty
Affiliation:
Center for Computational Research, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey 07079, U.S.A
Get access

Abstract

A completely solid state dye sensitized solar cell (DSSSC) is proposed in which chemically robust phthalocyanine (Pc) sensitizers, F16ZnPc and F40ZnPc, are sandwiched between n-TiO2 and p-NiO. While the energy conversion efficiencies of conventional Grätzel cells are continually increasing, the DSSSC design effectively solves the long term stability issues of the volatile liquid electrolyte. Through analysis of the electronic structure of the Pc|semiconductor systems, the free energy associated with hole injection into the valence band of NiO upon photoexcitation of the sensitizer and electron injection into the conduction band of TiO2 from the reduced form of the sensitizer as well as the competing charge recombination processes are calculated. Thermodynamically, the charge injection processes are found to be favored over the undesired charge recombination processes. These findings suggest promising energy conversion for the NiO|Pc|TiO2 DSSSC.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

O'Regan, B. and Gratzel, M., Nature, 353, 737, (1991).CrossRef
Grätzel, M., J. Photochem. PhotoBiol. C, 4, 145, (2003).CrossRef
Hagfeldt, A., et al., Chem. Rev., 110, 6595, (2010).CrossRef
Mathew, S., et al., Nature Chemistry, 6, 242, (2014).CrossRef
He, J., et al., J. Phys. Chem. B, 103, 8940, (1999).CrossRef
He, J., et al., Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 62, 265, (2000).CrossRef
Ileperuma, O. A., Mater. Technol., 28, 65, (2013).CrossRef
Yanagida, S., Yu, Y. and Manseki, K., Acc. Chem. Res., 42, 1827, (2009).CrossRef
Tennakone, K., et al., Semicond. Sci. Technol., 10, 1689, (1995).CrossRef
Ragoussi, M.-E., Ince, M. and Torres, T., Eur. J. Org. Chem., 2013, 6475, (2013).CrossRef
Liao, M.-S., et al., J. Chem. Theory Comput., 1, 1201, (2005).CrossRef
Moons, H., et al., Inorg. Chem., 49, 8779,CrossRef
Odobel, F., et al., Acc. Chem. Res., 43, 1063, (2010).CrossRef
Zhang, T., et al., J. Phys. Chem. C, Ahead of Print, (2014).
Schmidt, M. W., et al., J. Comput. Chem., 14, (1993).CrossRef
Becke, A. D., J. Chem. Phys., 98, 5648, (1993).CrossRef
Lee, C., Yang, W. and Parr, R. G., Phys. Rev. B 37, 785, (1988).CrossRef
Stephens, P. J., et al., J. Phys. Chem., 98, 11623, (1994).CrossRef
Frisch, M. J., Pople, J. A. and Binkley, J. S., J. Chem. Phys., 80, 3265, (1984).CrossRef
Rassolov, V. A., et al., J. Chem. Phys., 109, 1223, (1998).CrossRef
Dwyer, P., et al., J. Phys. Chem. A, 118, 11583, (2014).CrossRef
Kresse, G. and Furthmüller, J., Comput. Mat. Sci., 6, 15, (1996).CrossRef
Kresse, G. and Hafner, J., Phys. Rev. B, 47, 558, (1993).CrossRef
Rohrbach, A., Hafner, J. and Kresse, G., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 15, 979, (2003).
Blochl, P. E., Jepsen, O. and Andersen, O. K., Phys. Rev. B: Condens. Matter, 49, 16223, (1994).CrossRef
Kresse, G. and Joubert, D., Phys. Rev. B: Condens. Matter Mater. Phys., 59, 1758, (1999).CrossRef

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Chemically Robust Phthalocyanines: Photosensitizer and Electron Shuttle in Solid State Dye Sensitized Solar Cells
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Chemically Robust Phthalocyanines: Photosensitizer and Electron Shuttle in Solid State Dye Sensitized Solar Cells
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Chemically Robust Phthalocyanines: Photosensitizer and Electron Shuttle in Solid State Dye Sensitized Solar Cells
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *