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Cartilage: Biomimetic Study of the Extracellular Matrix

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 January 2014

Chinedu I. Anyaeji
Affiliation:
Section on Tissue Biophysics and Biomimetics, Program in Pediatric Imaging and Tissue Sciences, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Peter J. Basser
Affiliation:
Section on Tissue Biophysics and Biomimetics, Program in Pediatric Imaging and Tissue Sciences, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Ferenc Horkay
Affiliation:
Section on Tissue Biophysics and Biomimetics, Program in Pediatric Imaging and Tissue Sciences, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
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Abstract

Cartilage is a complex biological tissue that exhibits gel-like behavior. Its primary biological function is providing compressive resistance to external loading and nearly frictionless lubrication of joints. In this study, we model cartilage extracellular matrix using a biomimetic system. We demonstrate that poly(vinyl) alcohol (PVA) hydrogels are robust biomaterials exhibiting mechanical and swelling properties similar to that of cartilage extracellular matrix. A comparison is made between the macroscopic behavior of PVA gels and literature data reported for cartilage.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2014 

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