Ammonothermal growth of GaN utilizing negative temperature dependence of solubility in basic ammonia
Published online by Cambridge University Press: 01 February 2011
Ammonothermal growth of GaN was studied to determine its eventual utility for mass production of GaN bulk crystals. Dissolution of GaN in supercritical ammonia with 1 M NaNH2 was investigated through a weight loss method. The time dependence of the weight loss was examined at 500°C and 525°C. Since the weight loss did not reach saturation as a function of time, the solubility limit was not realized. However, experiments demonstrate that GaN has a negative temperature dependence of solubility in supercritical ammonobasic solutions. Based on this result, GaN was grown via fluid transport from metallic Ga to a free-standing GaN single crystal seed by placing the seed crystal in a higher temperature zone and the nutrient in a lower temperature zone. GaN films with thickness of 5 μm (Ga face) and 4 μm (N face) were simultaneously grown on the seed in three days. The surface morphology, optical property, and defect density were found to be different for films on Ga face and N face.
- Research Article
- MRS Online Proceedings Library (OPL) , Volume 831: Symposium E – GaN, AlN, InN, and Their Alloys , 2004 , E2.8
- Copyright © Materials Research Society 2005