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Adsorption of atomic and molecular oxygen on the SrTiO3(001) surfaces: Computer simulations by means of hybrid density functional calculations and ab initio thermodynamics

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 February 2011

Sergei Piskunov
Affiliation:
piskunov@lu.lv, University of Latvia, Institute of Solid State Physics, 8 Kengaraga Str., Riga, N/A, LV-1063, Latvia
Yuri F. Zhukovskii
Affiliation:
J.Zhukovskij@fkf.mpg.de, University of Latvia, Institute of Solid State Physics, Latvia
Eugene A. Kotomin
Affiliation:
Eugene.KOTOMIN@cec.eu.int, University of Latvia, Institute of Solid State Physics, Latvia
Eugene Heifets
Affiliation:
heif5719@earthlink.net, California Institute of Technology, United States
Donald E. Ellis
Affiliation:
don-ellis@northwestern.edu, Northwester University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, United States
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Abstract

Ab initio calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) have been used to study the energetics, fully relaxed structure, charge redistribution, and electronic density of states of adsorbed atomic and molecular oxygen on defectless unreconstructed SrO- and TiO2-terminated SrTiO3(001) surfaces. Exchange-correlation functional applied within DFT contains a “hybrid” of the non-local Hartree–Fock exchange, DFT exchange, and generalized gradient approximation correlation functionals. The calculations are performed on periodically repeated systems (two-dimensional slabs) large enough for the adsorbed species to be treated as isolated. We find substantial binding energies of up to 1.8 eV for atomic oxygen adsorption over surface oxygen and of over 2.0 eV at bridge (position between two adjacent surface atoms) sites of both SrO- and TiO2-terminated surface. A range of different adsorption sites and orientations for molecular oxygen have been studied but practically in no case does the adsorption energy exceed 0.1 eV. The stability diagram of surface structures in contact with a gaseous oxygen environment is calculated by means of atomistic thermodynamics. Adsorption of the reactants is found to depend significantly on temperature and partial pressures in the gas phase.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2006

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References

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Adsorption of atomic and molecular oxygen on the SrTiO3(001) surfaces: Computer simulations by means of hybrid density functional calculations and ab initio thermodynamics
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Adsorption of atomic and molecular oxygen on the SrTiO3(001) surfaces: Computer simulations by means of hybrid density functional calculations and ab initio thermodynamics
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Adsorption of atomic and molecular oxygen on the SrTiO3(001) surfaces: Computer simulations by means of hybrid density functional calculations and ab initio thermodynamics
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