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Array pattern effects on the voltage output of vertically aligned BaTiO3 nanotubular flexible piezoelectric nanogenerator

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 July 2020

Camelle Kaye A. Aleman
Affiliation:
Department of Mining, Metallurgical, and Materials Engineering, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City1100, Philippines
James Albert B. Narvaez
Affiliation:
Department of Mining, Metallurgical, and Materials Engineering, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City1100, Philippines
Gabriel Drix B. Lopez
Affiliation:
Department of Mining, Metallurgical, and Materials Engineering, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City1100, Philippines
Candy C. Mercado
Affiliation:
Department of Mining, Metallurgical, and Materials Engineering, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City1100, Philippines
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Abstract

The advancement of lead-free piezoelectric nanogenerators (PENGs) for flexible electronics necessitates designing more efficient systems for improved energy storage capacity. In this light, the effects of patterning BaTiO3 nanotubes within PENG on the electromechanical properties of the device were investigated. The PENGs comprised a sandwich structure of Ti–BaTiO3–graphite–Ti encapsulated in polydimethylsiloxane. Four patterns of vertically aligned BaTiO3 nanotubes were synthesized via the hydrothermal conversion of selectively-anodized TiO2 nanotubes. The highest output voltage reached up to 1.9 V. Decreasing the nanotube array spacing and pattern diameter increased the lateral displacement of BaTiO3 therefore, increasing the output voltage of the device.

Type
Research Letters
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society, 2020

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Array pattern effects on the voltage output of vertically aligned BaTiO3 nanotubular flexible piezoelectric nanogenerator
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