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Article contents

Nanomaterials for the water-energy nexus

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 January 2019

Svetlana V. Boriskina
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; sborisk@mit.edu
Aikifa Raza
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Masdar Institute, Khalifa University of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates; aikifa.raza@ku.ac.ae
TieJun Zhang
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Masdar Institute, Khalifa University of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates; tiejun.zhang@ku.ac.ae
Peng Wang
Affiliation:
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia; peng.wang@kaust.edu.sa
Lin Zhou
Affiliation:
College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nanjing University, China; linzhou@nju.edu.cn
Jia Zhu
Affiliation:
College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nanjing University, China; jiazhu@nju.edu.cn
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Abstract

The water and energy sectors of an economy are inextricably linked. Energy is required in water production, distribution, and recycling, while water is often used for energy generation. In many geographical locations, the energy-water nexus is exacerbated by the shortage of both fresh water resources and energy generation infrastructure. New materials, including metamaterials, are now emerging to address the challenges of providing renewable energy and fresh water, especially to off-the-grid communities struggling with water shortages. Novel nanomaterials have fueled recent technology breakthroughs in solar water desalination, fog and dew collection, and cloud seeding. Materials for passive thermal management of buildings and individuals offer promising strategies to reduce the use of energy and water for heating and cooling. While many challenges remain, emerging materials and technologies improve sustainable management of water and energy resources.

Type
Technical Feature
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2019 

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