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Chemical principles for electroactive metal–organic frameworks

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 November 2016

Aron Walsh
Affiliation:
Department of Materials, Imperial College London, UK; a.walsh@imperial.ac.uk
Keith T. Butler
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of Bath, UK; k.t.butler@bath.ac.uk
Christopher H. Hendon
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; hendon@mit.edu
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Abstract

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are porous ordered arrays of inorganic clusters connected by organic linkers. The compositional diversity of the metal and ligand, combined with varied connectivity, has yielded more than 20,000 unique structures. Electronic structure theory can provide deep insights into the fundamental chemistry and physics of these hybrid compounds and identify avenues for the design of new multifunctional materials. In this article, a number of recent advances in materials modeling of MOFs are reviewed. We present the methodology for predicting the absolute band energies (ionization potentials) of porous solids as compared to those of standard semiconductors and electrical contacts. We discuss means of controlling the optical bandgaps by chemical modification of the organic and inorganic building blocks. Finally, we outline the principles for achieving electroactive MOFs and the key challenges to be addressed.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2016 

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