Hostname: page-component-594f858ff7-pr6g6 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-06-09T12:26:40.128Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "corePageComponentUseShareaholicInsteadOfAddThis": true, "coreDisableSocialShare": false, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

One-Step Synthesis of Co3O4 Thin Film by Reactive Spray Deposition Technology for Efficient Electrochemical Water Splitting

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 January 2018

Yang Wang*
University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT06269, USA
Junkai He
University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT06269, USA
Radenka Maric
University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT06269, USA
Get access


Efficient catalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) are widely applied in fuel cells and rechargeable lithium air batteries. It is desirable but challenging to achieve comparable activity to that of the noble-metal catalyst with non-precious metal catalyst. Highly active Co3O4 thin film electrodes have been successfully synthesized by a rapid one-step flame combustion synthesis method called Reactive Spray Deposition Technology. X-ray diffraction confirms the absence of any impurity phase with this synthesis process. The detailed morphology of the Co3O4 thin film is investigated with scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Cyclic voltammetry is used to investigate the redox activity of Co3+ to Co4+ which is crucial for the OER performance. The as-prepared Co3O4 catalyst demonstrates promising activity for OER, with an overpotential of 399 mV (at 10 mA cm-2) for OER.

Copyright © Materials Research Society 2018 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



Symes, M.D., Cronin, L., Nat. chem. 5, 403409 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gong, M., Li, Y., Wang, H., Liang, Y., Wu, J.Z., Zhou, J., Wang, J., Regier, T., Wei, F., Dai, H., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 84528455 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ma, T.Y., Dai, S., Jaroniec, M., Qiao, S.Z., Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 53, 72817285 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Suen, N.T., Hung, S.F., Quan, Q., Zhang, N., Xu, Y.J., Chen, H.M., Chem. Soc. Rev. 46, 337365 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frame, F.A., Townsend, T.K., Chamousis, R.L., Sabio, E.M., Dittrich, T., Browning, N.D., Osterloh, F.E., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 72647267 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fang, Y.H., Liu, Z.P., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 1821418222 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lee, Y., Suntivich, J., May, K.J., Perry, E.E., Shao-Horn, Y., J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 399404 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, J., Wang, G., Liao, Z., Zhang, P., Wang, F., Zhuang, X., Zschech, E., Feng, X., Nano Energy, 40, 2733 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fayette, M., Nelson, A., Robinson, R.D., J. Mater. Chem. A 3, 42744283 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Friebel, D., Bajdich, M., Yeo, B.S., Louie, M.W., Miller, D.J., Casalongue, H.S., Mbuga, F., Weng, T., Nordlund, D., Sokaras, D., Alonso-Mori, R., Bell, A.T., Nilsson, A., Phys. Chem.Chem. Phys. 15, 1746017567 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, Y.X., Guo, X., Zhai, X., Yan, Y.M., Sun, K.N., J. Mater. Chem. A 3, 17611768 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCrory, C.C.L., Jung, S., Peters, J.C., Jaramillo, T.F.J., Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 1697716987 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Esswein, A.J., McMurdo, M.J., Ross, P.N., Bell, A.T., Tilley, T.D., J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 1506815072 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Estrada, W., Fantini, M.C.A., de Castro, S.C., Polo daFonseca, C.N., Gorenstein, A., J. Appl. Phys. 74, 58355841 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Donders, M.E., Knoops, H.C.M., van, M.C.M., Kessels, W.M.M., Notten, P.H.L., J. Electrochem. Soc. 158, G92G96 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Castro, E.B., Gervasi, C.A., Int. J. Hydrogen EnergY 25, 11631170 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roller, J.M., Kim, S., Kwak, T., Yu, H., Maric, R., J. Mater. Sci. 52, 9391 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roller, J.M., Maric, R., J. Therm. Spray Technol. 24, 1529 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jain, R., Wang, Y., Maric, R., J Nanotech Smart Mater, 1, 17 (2014).Google Scholar
Maric, R., Roller, J., Neagu, R., J. Therm. Spray Technol. 20, 696 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maric, R., Vanderhoek, TPK., Roller, J.M., US Patent App. 370 (2008).Google Scholar
Gerken, J.B., McAlpin, J.G., Chen, J.Y.C., Rigsby, M.L., Casey, W.H., Britt, R.D., Stahl, S.S., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 1443114442 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, T.W., Woo, M.A., Regis, M., Choi, K.S., J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 23702374 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liang, Y., Wang, H., Zhou, J., Li, Y., Wang, J., Regier, T., Dai, H., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 35173523 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lai, Y., Li, Y., Jiang, L., Xu, W., Lv, X., Li, J., Liu, Y., J. Electroanal. Chem. 671,1623 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gao, M.R., Xu, Y.F., Jiang, J., Zheng, Y.R., Yu, S.H.., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 29302933 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yeo, B.S., Bell, A.T., J. Am.Chem. Soc. 133, 55875593 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, X., Chang, Z., Luo, L., Xu, T., Lei, X., Liu, J., Sun, X., Chem. Mater. 26, 18891895 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, R.D., Prévot, M.S., Fagan, R.D., Zhang, Z., Sedach, P.A., Siu, M.K.J, Trudel, S., Berlinguette, C.P., Science, 1233638 (2013).Google ScholarPubMed
Prabu, M., Ketpang, K., Shanmugam, S., Nanoscale, 6, 31733181 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seitz, L.C., Dickens, C.F., Nishio, K., Hikita, Y., Montoya, J., Doyle, A., Kirk, C., Vojvodic, A., Hwang, H.Y., Norskov, J.K., Jaramillo, T.F., Science, 353, 10111014 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jung, S., McCrory, C.C., Ferrer, I.M., Peters, J.C., Jaramillo, T.F., J. Mater. Chem. A 4, 30683076 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Koza, J.A., He, Z., Miller, A.S., Switzer, J.A., Chem. Mater. 24, 35673573 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lu, X., Zhao, C., Nat. Commun. 6, 6616 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar