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Flexible cellulose-carbon nanotube paper substrate decorated with PZT: sensor properties

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 January 2018

Ricardo M. Silva
Affiliation:
Graduate Program in Materials Science and Engineering, Technology Development Center, Federal University of Pelotas, 96010-000, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.
Bruno S. Noremberg
Affiliation:
Graduate Program in Materials Science and Engineering, Technology Development Center, Federal University of Pelotas, 96010-000, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.
Natália H. Marins
Affiliation:
Graduate Program in Materials Science and Engineering, Technology Development Center, Federal University of Pelotas, 96010-000, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.
Jose H. Alano
Affiliation:
Graduate Program in Materials Science and Engineering, Technology Development Center, Federal University of Pelotas, 96010-000, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.
Luiza R. Santana
Affiliation:
Graduate Program in Materials Science and Engineering, Technology Development Center, Federal University of Pelotas, 96010-000, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.
Antoninho Valentini
Affiliation:
Federal University of Ceará, Department of Analytical Chemistry and Chemical Physics, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.
Dariusz Łukowiec
Affiliation:
Institute of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Tomasz Tański
Affiliation:
Institute of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland Center for Nanotechnology, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Neftalí L. V. Carreño
Affiliation:
Graduate Program in Materials Science and Engineering, Technology Development Center, Federal University of Pelotas, 96010-000, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.
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Abstract

Composite of PZT (lead zirconate titanate) and PLZT (lead lanthanum zirconate titanate) along an organic, renewable, conductive, and flexible matrix have been developed. The conductive paper was obtained through the reaction between the cellulose extracted from banana stem and functionalized MWCNT. This reaction was made in the presence of hydrogen (from H2SO4), which reduced the size of the cellulose by acid hydrolysis and promotes the interaction between its hydroxyls and the carboxyl groups of nanotubes. Afterward, the PZT particles were synthesized and grown up on the conductive paper by microwaves-assisted hydrothermal synthesis (MHS). The composite material was characterized by structure and morphology. Moreover, gas-sensing in the presence of methanol and electrical resistance as a function of temperature were also investigated. In this way, a simple, low-cost and successful synthesis was reported. Also, a promising flexible was obtained using a chemical transformation process from banana residue as source of cellulose.

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Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2018 

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