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Wiklundite, ideally Pb2 [4](Mn2+,Zn)3(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)19(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]6(OH)18Cl6, a new mineral from Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden: Description and crystal structure

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2018

Mark A. Cooper
Affiliation:
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2, Canada
Frank C. Hawthorne
Affiliation:
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2, Canada
Jörgen Langhof
Affiliation:
Department of Geosciences, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, SE-10405 Stockholm, Sweden
Ulf Hålenius
Affiliation:
Department of Geosciences, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, SE-10405 Stockholm, Sweden
Dan Holtstam
Affiliation:
Department of Geosciences, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, SE-10405 Stockholm, Sweden Swedish Research Council, Box 1035, 101 38 Stockholm, Sweden
Corresponding

Abstract

Wiklundite, ideally Pb2 [4](Mn2+,Zn)3(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)19(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]6(OH)18Cl6, isa new arseno-silicate mineral from Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden. Both the mineral and the name have been approved by the Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification of the International Mineralogical Association (IMA 2015-057). Wiklundite and a disordered wiklundite-like mineral form radiating, sheaf-like aggregates (up to 1 mm long) of thin brownish-red and slightly bent lath-shaped crystals. It occurs in a dolomite-rich skarn in association with tephroite, mimetite, turneaurite, johnbaumite, jacobsite, barite, native lead, filipstadite andparwelite. Wiklundite is reddish brown to dark brown, and the streak is pale yellowish brown. The lustre is resinous to sub-metallic, almost somewhat bronzy, and wiklundite does not fluoresce under ultraviolet light. The calculated density is 4.072 g cm–3. Wiklundite is brittle with an irregular fracture, and has perfect cleavage on {001}; no parting or twinning was observed. Wiklundite is uniaxial (–), orange red and non-pleochroic in transmitted light, but shows incomplete extinction and distorted interference figures, preventing complete determination of optical properties. Electron-microprobe analysis (H2O calculated from the structure) of wiklundite gave SiO2 11.17, Al2O3 0.06, Fe2O3 4.46, As2O5 0.75, As2O3 6.81, MnO 47.89, ZnO 0.78,CaO 0.09, PbO 14.48, Cl 6.65, H2O 5.18, O=Cl2 –1.50, total 97.11 wt.%, As valences and H2O content taken from the crystal-structure refinement, and Fe3+/(Fe2+ + Fe3+) determined by Mössbauer spectroscopy. Wiklundite is hexagonal-rhombohedral, space group R3c, a = 8.257(2), c = 126.59(4) Å, V = 7474(6) Å3, Z = 6. The crystal structure of wiklundite was solved by direct methods and refined to a final R 1 index of 3.2%. The structure consists of a stacking of five layers of polyhedra: three layers consist of trimers of edge-sharing Mn2+-dominant octahedra linked by (SiO4) tetrahedra, (Fe3+(OH)6) dominant octahedra and (AsO3) triangular pyramids; one layerof corner-sharing (SiO4) and (Mn2+O4) tetrahedra; and one layer of (Mn2+Cl6) octahedra and (Pb2+(OH)3Cl6) polyhedra. The mineral is named after Markus Wiklund (b. 1969) and Stefan Wiklund (b. 1972), the well-known Swedish mineral collectors who jointly found the specimen containing the mineral.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland 2017

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References

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Wiklundite, ideally Pb2 [4](Mn2+,Zn)3(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)19(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]6(OH)18Cl6, a new mineral from Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden: Description and crystal structure
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Wiklundite, ideally Pb2 [4](Mn2+,Zn)3(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)19(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]6(OH)18Cl6, a new mineral from Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden: Description and crystal structure
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Wiklundite, ideally Pb2 [4](Mn2+,Zn)3(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)19(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]6(OH)18Cl6, a new mineral from Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden: Description and crystal structure
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