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Vittinkiite, MnMn4[Si5O15], a member of the rhodonite group with a long history: definition as a mineral species

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 September 2020

Nadezhda V. Shchipalkina
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, Moscow, 119991 Russia
Igor V. Pekov
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, Moscow, 119991 Russia
Nikita V. Chukanov
Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432 Russia
Natalia V. Zubkova
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, Moscow, 119991 Russia
Dmitry I. Belakovskiy
Fersman Mineralogical Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt 18-2, Moscow, 119071 Russia
Sergey N. Britvin
Department of Crystallography, St Petersburg State University, University Embankment 7/9, 199034 St Petersburg, Russia
Natalia N. Koshlyakova
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, Moscow, 119991 Russia
E-mail address:


The rhodonite-group mineral with the idealised, end-member formula MnMn4[Si5O15] and the crystal chemical formula VIIM(5)MnVIM(1–3)Mn3VIIM(4)Mn[Si5O15] (Roman numerals indicate coordination numbers) is defined as a valid mineral species named vittinkiite after the type locality Vittinki (Vittinge) mines, Isokyrö, Western and Inner Finland Region, Finland. Vittinkiite is an isostructural analogue of rhodonite, ideally CaMn4[Si5O15], with Mn2+ > Ca at the M(5) site. Besides Vittinki, vitiinkiite was found in more than a dozen rhodonite deposits worldwide, however, it is significantly less common in comparison with rhodonite. The mineral typically forms pink to light pink massive, granular aggregates and is associated with quartz, rhodonite, tephroite, pyroxmangite and Mn oxides. Vittinkiite is optically biaxial (+), with α = 1.725(4), β = 1.733(4), γ = 1.745(5) and 2Vmeas = 75(10)° (589 nm). The chemical composition of the holotype (wt.%, electron microprobe) is: MgO 0.52, CaO, 0.93, MnO 51.82, FeO 1.26, ZnO 0.11, SiO2 46.48, total 101.12. The empirical formula calculated based on 15 O apfu is Mn4.71Ca0.11Fe0.11Mg0.08Zn0.01Si4.99O15. Vittinkiite is triclinic, space group P$\bar{1}$, with a = 6.6980(3), b = 7.6203(3), c = 11.8473(5) Å, α = 105.663(3), β = 92.400(3), γ = 94.309(3)°, V = 579.38(7) Å3 and Z = 2. The crystal structure is solved on a single crystal to R1 = 3.85%. Polymorphism of MnSiO3 (rhodonite-, pyroxmangite-, garnet- and clinopyroxene-type manganese metasilicates) is discussed, as well as the relationship between vittinkiite and pyroxmangite, ideally Mn7[Si7O21], and the application of infrared spectroscopy for the identification of manganese pyroxenoids.

Copyright © The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland

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Associate Editor: Oleg I Siidra


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