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Bakakinite, Ca2V2O7, a new mineral from fumarolic exhalations of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 June 2023

Igor V. Pekov*
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Atali A. Agakhanov
Fersman Mineralogical Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt 18-2, 119071 Moscow, Russia
Natalia N. Koshlyakova
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Natalia V. Zubkova
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Vasiliy O. Yapaskurt
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Sergey N. Britvin
Dept. of Crystallography, St Petersburg State University, University Embankment 7/9, 199034 St Petersburg, Russia
Marina F. Vigasina
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Anna G. Turchkova
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Maria A. Nazarova
Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Piip Boulevard 9, 683006 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia
Corresponding author: Igor V. Pekov; Email:


The new mineral bakakinite, ideally Ca2V2O7, was found in the high-temperature (not lower than 500°C) exhalations of the Arsenatnaya fumarole at the Second scoria cone of the Northern Breakthrough of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. It is associated with anhydrite, svabite, pliniusite, schäferite, berzeliite, diopside, hematite, powellite, baryte, fluorapatite, calciojohillerite, ludwigite, magnesioferrite, anorthite, titanite and esseneite. Bakakinite forms flattened crystals up to 30 × 5 μm, typically distorted. The mineral is transparent, colourless or pale yellow, with strong vitreous lustre. Electron microprobe analysis gave (wt.%): CaO 37.04, SrO 0.26, SiO2 0.16, P2O5 1.48, V2O5 49.47, As2O5 10.85, SO3 0.35, total 99.61. The empirical formula calculated on the basis of 7 O apfu is (Ca1.99Sr0.01)Σ2.00(V1.64As0.28P0.06Si0.01S0.01)Σ2.00O7. The Dcalc is 3.463 g cm–3. Bakakinite is triclinic, P$\bar{1}$, unit-cell parameters are: a = 6.64(2), b = 6.92(2), c = 7.01(2) Å, α = 86.59(7), β = 63.77(7), γ = 83.47(6)°, V = 287.0(5) Å3 and Z = 2. The strongest reflections of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern [d,Å(I)(hkl)] are: 4.647(27)(111, 0$\bar{1}$1), 3.138(76)(002), 3.103(100)(120, 121), 3.027(20)(021), 2.960(81)(200), 2.158(19)(031, 302), 1.791(16)(320), 1.682(16)(114) and 1.584(17)(1$\bar{3}$3, 403). Bakakinite is a natural analogue of synthetic Ca2V2O7. The mineral is named in honour of the outstanding Russian crystallographer and crystal chemist Vladimir Vasilievich Bakakin (born 1933).

Copyright © The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Mineralogical Society of the United Kingdom and Ireland

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Associate Editor: Anthony R. Kampf


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