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Microscopy and Histochemistry of Leaves and Stems of Baccharis Subgenus Coridifoliae (Asteraceae) Through LM and SEM-EDS

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 August 2021

Valter Paes de Almeida*
Affiliation:
Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (UEPG), Campus Uvaranas – Avenida General Carlos Cavalcanti, 4748 - Uvaranas, 84030-900, Ponta Grossa, Paraná, Brazil
Gustavo Heiden
Affiliation:
Embrapa Clima Temperado, Rodovia BR 392, km 78, Caixa Postal 403, 96010-971, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Vijayasankar Raman
Affiliation:
National Center for Natural Products Research, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, 1558 University Circle, P.O. Box 1848, University, MS38677, USA
Andressa Novatski
Affiliation:
Departamento de Física, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (UEPG), Campus Uvaranas – Avenida General Carlos Cavalcanti, 4748 - Uvaranas, 84030-900, Ponta Grossa, Paraná, Brazil
Julia Emilia Bussade
Affiliation:
Department of Modern Languages, University of Mississippi, University, MS38677, USA
Paulo Vitor Farago
Affiliation:
Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (UEPG), Campus Uvaranas – Avenida General Carlos Cavalcanti, 4748 - Uvaranas, 84030-900, Ponta Grossa, Paraná, Brazil
Jane Manfron
Affiliation:
Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (UEPG), Campus Uvaranas – Avenida General Carlos Cavalcanti, 4748 - Uvaranas, 84030-900, Ponta Grossa, Paraná, Brazil
*
*Corresponding author: Valter Paes de Almeida, E-mail: valterpaesdealmeida@gmail.com

Abstract

This research reports for the first time the anatomical characteristics of all species belonging to Baccharis subgenus Coridifoliae (Asteraceae). The anatomy and micro-morphology of aerial vegetative organs of ten species: B. albilanosa, B. artemisioides, B. bicolor, B. coridifolia, B. erigeroides, B. napaea, B. ochracea, B. pluricapitulata, B. scabrifolia, and B. suberectifolia are investigated by light and scanning electron microscopy. The number of secretory ducts, crystal morphology, presence or absence of conical nonglandular trichomes, leaves cross-section shape, margin morphology, anticlinal epidermal cell walls shape, and cuticle structure were identified as characters with diagnostic value for species. Similarity cluster analysis allows the formation of three groups based on a percentage of similarity between 45 and 84%. Some species showed differential characteristics as the presence of up to four secretory ducts in the midrib in B. albilanosa; smooth cuticles onboth sides of the leaf epidermis in B. erigeroides; flat midrib shape on both sides of the leaves in B. napaea; and convex–flat midrib shape in B. suberectifolia. The remaining species can be differentiated by a set of anatomical features. Anatomical and histochemical characteristics of stems and leaves provided data to support species identification.

Type
Micrographia
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Microscopy Society of America

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Microscopy and Histochemistry of Leaves and Stems of Baccharis Subgenus Coridifoliae (Asteraceae) Through LM and SEM-EDS
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