Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-dc8c957cd-ntdpv Total loading time: 0.293 Render date: 2022-01-27T17:56:55.456Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Internal Conversion in Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis of Actinide-Containing Materials

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 May 2007

Thierry Wiss
Affiliation:
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, P.O. Box 2340, 76125 Karlsruhe, Germany
Hartmut Thiele
Affiliation:
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, P.O. Box 2340, 76125 Karlsruhe, Germany
Bert Cremer
Affiliation:
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, P.O. Box 2340, 76125 Karlsruhe, Germany
Ian Ray
Affiliation:
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, P.O. Box 2340, 76125 Karlsruhe, Germany

Abstract

The use of X-ray elemental analysis tools like energy dispersive X-ray (EDS) is described in the context of the investigation of nuclear materials. These materials contain radioactive elements, particularly alpha-decaying actinides that affect the quantitative EDS measurement by producing interferences in the X-ray spectra. These interferences originating from X-ray emission are the result of internal conversion by the daughter atoms from the alpha-decaying actinides. The strong interferences affect primarily the L X-ray lines from the actinides (in the typical energy range used for EDS analysis) and would require the use of the M lines. However, it is typically at the energy of the actinide's M lines that the interferences are dominant. The artifacts produced in the X-ray analysis are described and illustrated by some typical examples of analysis of actinide-bearing material.

Type
SPECIAL SECTION: MICROANALYSIS OF MATERIALS TODAY
Copyright
© 2007 Microscopy Society of America

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Firestone, R.B. (1999). Table of Isotopes. CD-ROM. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Konings, R.J.M. (2001). Advanced fuel cycles for accelerator-driven systems: Fuel fabrication and reprocessing. EUR 19928 EN. Karlsruhe: European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements.
Koyama, T., Iizuka, M., Shoji, Y., Fujita, R., Tanaka, H., Kobayashi, T. & Tokiwai, M. (1997). An experimental study of molten salt electrorefining of uranium using solid iron cathode and liquid cadmium cathode for development of pyrometallurgical reprocessing. J Nucl Sci Technol 34, 384393.Google Scholar
Koyama, T., Kinoshita, K., Inoue, T., Ougier, M., Malmbeck, R., Glatz, J.-P. & Koch, L. (2002). Study of molten salt electrorefining of U-Pu-Zr alloy fuel. J Nucl Sci Technol 3(Suppl.), 765768.Google Scholar
Krane, K.S. (1988). Introductory Nuclear Physics. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Madic, C., Hudson, M.J., Liljenzin, J.-O., Glatz, J.-P., Nannicini, R., Facchini, A., Kolarik, Z. & Odoj, R. (2002). Recent achievements in the development of partitioning processes of minor actinides from nuclear wastes obtained in the frame of the NEWPART European Programme (1996–1999). Prog. Nucl. Energy 40, 523526.Google Scholar
Wallenius, M., Abousahl, S., Luentzenkirchen, K., Mayer, K., Ottmar, H., Ray, I.L.F., Schubert, A. & Wiss, T. (2005). Actinides—A challenge for nuclear forensics. In Actinides 2005, Alvarez, R., Bryan, N.D. & May, I. (Eds.), pp. 2631. Manchester: RSC Publishing.
Way, K. (1970). Nuclear Data. New York and London: Academic Press.
Wiss, T.A.G., Hiernaut, J.-P., Damen, P.M.G., Lutique, S., Fromknecht, R. & Weber, W.J. (2006). Helium behaviour in waste conditioning matrices during thermal annealing. J Nucl Mater 352, 202208.Google Scholar
4
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Internal Conversion in Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis of Actinide-Containing Materials
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Internal Conversion in Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis of Actinide-Containing Materials
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Internal Conversion in Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis of Actinide-Containing Materials
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *