After presentation of the historical background, the present structure of the Arab steel
industry is described and its main characteristics discussed: insufficient domestic steel
production, based on hot metal, scrap and mainly prereduced iron, high imports of
semi-products, important development of the use of electric arc furnaces. Indications are
then given on the rapid evolution of the steel industry in Egypt, Morroco and Saudi-Arabia,
and on new, modern and larger capacity installations, in particular electric arc furnaces
and rolling mills.