Published online by Cambridge University Press: 01 January 1999
In previous papers [4, 6], B.-Y. Chen introduced a Riemannian invariant δM for a Riemannian n-manifold Mn, namely take the scalar curvature and subtract at each point the smallest sectional curvature. He proved that every submanifold Mn in a Riemannian space form Rm(ε) satisfies: δM[les ][n2(n−2)]/ 2(n−1)H2+[half](n+1)(n−2)ε. In this paper, first we classify constant mean curvature hypersurfaces in a Riemannian space form which satisfy the equality case of the inequality. Next, by utilizing Jacobi's elliptic functions and theta function we obtain the complete classification of conformally flat hypersurfaces in Riemannian space forms which satisfy the equality.