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The lichen genus Rinodina (Physciaceae, Caliciales) in north-eastern Asia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 November 2017

John W. SHEARD
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E2, Canada. Email: john.sheard@usask.ca
Alexander K. EZHKIN
Affiliation:
Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Nauki Str., 1B, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, 693022, Russia
Irina A. GALANINA
Affiliation:
Federal Scientific Center of East Asian Terrestrial Biodiversity, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok Str. 100-leta, Vladivostok 159, 690024, Russia
Dmitry HIMELBRANT
Affiliation:
Department of Botany, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya Emb. 7–9, St. Petersburg 199034, Russia; Laboratory of Lichenology and Bryology, Komarov Botanical Institute RAS, Professor Popov St. 2, St. Petersburg 197376, Russia
Ekaterina KUZNETSOVA
Affiliation:
Department of Botany, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya Emb. 7–9, St. Petersburg 199034, Russia; Laboratory of Lichenology and Bryology, Komarov Botanical Institute RAS, Professor Popov St. 2, St. Petersburg 197376, Russia
Akira SHIMIZU
Affiliation:
Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, 060-0810, Japan
Irina STEPANCHIKOVA
Affiliation:
Department of Botany, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya Emb. 7–9, St. Petersburg 199034, Russia; Laboratory of Lichenology and Bryology, Komarov Botanical Institute RAS, Professor Popov St. 2, St. Petersburg 197376, Russia
Göran THOR
Affiliation:
Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7044, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
Tor TØNSBERG
Affiliation:
Department of Natural History, University Museum, University of Bergen, Allégaten 41, P.O. Box 7800, N-5020 Bergen, Norway
Lidia S. YAKOVCHENKO
Affiliation:
Federal Scientific Center of East Asian Terrestrial Biodiversity, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok Str. 100-leta, Vladivostok 159, 690024, Russia
Toby SPRIBILLE
Affiliation:
Institute of Plant Sciences, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Holteigasse 6, A-8010 Graz, Austria; current address: Biological Sciences CW405, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E9, Canada.
Corresponding

Abstract

Rinodina is a widespread, polyphyletic genus of crustose Physciaceae with c. 300 species worldwide. A major missing link in understanding its global biogeography has been eastern Asia where the genus has never been systematically revised. Here we review specimen and literature records for Rinodina for north-eastern Asia (Russian Far East, Japan and the Korean Peninsula) and recognize 43 species. We describe two species, R. hypobadia and R. orientalis, as new to science. Rinodina hypobadia is distinguished by its pigmented hypothecium, Dirinaria-type ascospores and pannarin in both thallus and epihymenium. Rinodina orientalis is characterized by its erumpent apothecia that remain broadly attached, with discs sometimes becoming convex and excluding the thalline margins, ascospores belonging to the Physcia-type and secondary metabolites absent. Nine other species are reported from the region for the first time. These include R. dolichospora, R. freyi, R. metaboliza, R. sicula, R. subminuta and R. willeyi. Of particular biogeographical interest are three additional new records that have western North American–eastern Asian distributions: the corticolous species R. endospora, R. macrospora and R. megistospora. Six species have the better known eastern North American–eastern Asian distributions: R. ascociscana (syn. R. akagiensis, R. melancholica), R. buckii, R. chrysidiata, R. subminuta, R. tenuis (syn. R. adirondackii) and R. willeyi, and two have eastern North American–eastern Asian–European distributions: R. excrescens and R. moziana (syn. R. destituta, R. vezdae). Our study begins to close one of the largest gaps in our knowledge of circumboreal species distributions in Rinodina and, together with previous studies in North America and Europe, provides new insights into circumboreal crustose lichen biogeography. Rinodina cinereovirens (syn. R. turfacea var. cinereovirens) is also reported as new to North America.

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Articles
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© British Lichen Society, 2017 

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The lichen genus Rinodina (Physciaceae, Caliciales) in north-eastern Asia
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