Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-56f9d74cfd-s5lbf Total loading time: 0.379 Render date: 2022-06-27T08:53:53.194Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

The Cyrenaican Prehistory Project 2008: the second season of investigations of the Haua Fteah cave and its landscape, and further results from the initial (2007) fieldwork

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 March 2015

Graeme Barker
Affiliation:
McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, UK
Laura Basell
Affiliation:
Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, UK
Ian Brooks
Affiliation:
Engineering Archaeological Services Ltd, Blaenau Ffestiniog, UK
Lucilla Burn
Affiliation:
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK
Caroline Cartwright
Affiliation:
Science Group, British Museum, London, UK
Franca Cole
Affiliation:
Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, UK
John Davison
Affiliation:
School of Geography, Archaeology, and Palaeoecology, Queen's University of Belfast, UK
Lucy Farr
Affiliation:
McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, UK
Rainer Grün
Affiliation:
Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Roisin Hamilton
Affiliation:
School of Geography, Archaeology, and Palaeoecology, Queen's University of Belfast, UK
Chris Hunt
Affiliation:
School of Geography, Archaeology, and Palaeoecology, Queen's University of Belfast, UK
Robyn Inglis
Affiliation:
Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, UK
Zenobia Jacobs
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, Australia
Victoria Leitch
Affiliation:
Institute of Archaeology, University of Oxford, UK
Jacob Morales
Affiliation:
Departamento de Sciencias Historicas, University of Las Palmas, Spain
Iain Morley
Affiliation:
McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, UK
Mike Morley
Affiliation:
Museum of London Archaeology Service, London, UK
Steven Pawley
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Royal Holloway University of London, UK
Alex Pryor
Affiliation:
Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, UK
Ryan Rabett
Affiliation:
McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, UK
Tim Reynolds
Affiliation:
Faculty of Continuing Education, Birkbeck College London, UK
Hwedi el-Rishi
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Garyunis University, Benghazi, Libya
Richard Roberts
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, Australia
David Simpson
Affiliation:
School of Geography, Archaeology, and Palaeoecology, Queen's University of Belfast, UK
Chris Stimpson
Affiliation:
Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, UK
Mohammed Touati
Affiliation:
Department of Archaeology, Omar Mukhtar University, al-Beida, Libya
Marijke van der Veen
Affiliation:
School of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Leicester, UK

Abstract

The second (2008) season of fieldwork of the Cyrenaican Prehistory Project has significantly advanced understanding of the Haua Fteah stratigraphy and of the archaeology and geomorphology of the landscape in which the cave is located. The excavations of the McBurney backfill have reached a total depth of 7.5 m below the present ground surface, the depth at which two human mandibles were found in the 1950s excavations. Reconnaissance at the Hagfet ed-Dabba established that the sediments associated with the Upper Palaeolithic ‘Dabban’ industry were more or less entirely removed by the McBurney excavation. Exploratory excavations in the Hagfet al-Gama, a coastal cave west of the Haua Fteah, found evidence of Mesolithic, Neolithic, and Hellenistic occupation. The initial results from the study of botanical remains, both macroscopic and microscopic, obtained in the 2007 season at the Haua Fteah confirm the potential of the site to yield a rich suite of materials to inform on climatic and environmental change, and on human activities in the cave.

Type
Archaeological Reports
Copyright
Copyright © Society for Libyan Studies 2000

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Barker, G. 2006. The Agricultural Revolution in Prehistory: Why Did Foragers Become Farmers? Oxford, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Barker, G., Hunt, C. and Reynolds, T. (with Brooks, I. and el-Rishi, H.) 2007. The Haua Fteah, Cyrenaica (Northeast Libya): renewed investigations of the cave and its landscape, 2007. Libyan Studies 38: 93114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, A., Bronk-Ramsey, C., Collcutt, S., Higham, T.F.G., Humphrey, L.T., Parfitt, S.A., Rhodes, E.J., Schwenninger, J.-L., Stringer, C., Turner, E. and Ward, S. 2007. Abrupt climatic change and chronology of the Upper Palaeolithic in Northern and Eastern Morocco. In Mellars, P., Boyle, K., Bar-Yosef, O. and Stringer, C. (eds), Rethinking the Human Revolution. McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge: 177186.Google Scholar
Burn, L. and Higgins, R. 2001. Catalogue of Greek Terracottas in the British Museum III. British Museum, London.Google Scholar
Cartwright, C.R. and Parkington, J.E. 1997. The wood charcoal assemblages from Elands Bay Cave, southwestern Cape: principles, procedures and preliminary interpretation. South African Archaeological Bulletin 52: 5972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Courty, M.-A. 2001. Microfacies analysis assisting archaeological stratigraphy. In Gildberg, P., Halliday, V.T. and Ferring, C.R. (eds), Earth Sciences and Archaeology. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York: 205240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Courty, M.-A., Goldberd, P. and MacPhail, R. 1989. Soils and Micromorphology in Archaeology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
Farrand, W.R. 1993. Discontinuity in the stratigraphic record: snapshots from Franchthi Cave. In Goldberg, P.Nash, D.T. and Petraglia, M.D. (eds), Formation Processes in Archaeological Context. Prehistory Press, Madison: 8596.Google Scholar
Farrand, W.R. 2001. Sediments and stratigraphy in rockshelters and caves: a personal perspective on principles and pragmatics. Geoarchaeology 15.5: 537557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foley, R. and Lahr, M.M. 1997. Mode 3 technologies and the evolution of modern humans. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 7: 336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gale, R. and Cutler, D. 2000. Plants in Archaeology — Identification Manual of Artefacts of Plant Origin from Europe and the Mediterranean. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Google Scholar
Higgs, E.S. 1967. Environment and climate — the evidence from mammalian fauna. In McBurney, C.B.M., The Haua Fteah (Cyrenaica) and the Stone Age of the South-East Mediterranean. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 1644.Google Scholar
Hublin, J.-J. 2000. Modern — Non-modern hominid interactions: a Mediterranean perspective. In Bar-Yosef, O. and Pilbeam, D. (eds), The Geography of Neandertals and Modern Humans in Europe and the Greater Mediterranean. Peabody Museum Bulletin 8. Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard: 157182.Google Scholar
Hunt, C.O., Gilbertson, D.D. and El-Rishi, H.A. 2007. An 8000-year history of landscape, climate and copper exploitation in the Middle East: the Wadi Faynan and the Wadi Dana National Reserve in southern Jordan. Journal of Archaeological Science 34: 13061338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacobs, Z. and Roberts, R.G. 2007. Advances in optically-stimulated luminescence dating of individual grains of quartz from archaeological deposits. Evolutionary Anthropology 16: 210223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jagiella, C. and Kurschner, H. 1987. Atlas Der Holzer Saudi Arabiens: Die Holzanatomie Der Wichtigsten Baume Und Straucher Arabiens. Beihefte Zum Tubinger Atlas Des Vorderen Orients. Ludwig Reichert, Wiesbaden.Google Scholar
Karkanas, P. 2006. Late Neolithic household activities in marginal areas: the micromorphological evidence from the Kouveleiki caves, Peloponnese, Greece. Journal of Archaeological Science 33.11: 16281641.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klein, R.G. and Scott, K. 1986. Re-analysis of faunal assemblages from the Haua Fteah and other late Quaternary archaeological sites in Cyrenaican Libya. Journal of Archaeological Science 13: 515–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maley, J. 2000. Last Glacial Maximum lacustrine and fluviatile formations in the Tibesti and other Saharan mountains, and large-scale climatic teleconnections linked to activity in the Subtropical Jet Stream. Global and Planetary Change 26: 121–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marean, C.W. and Assefa, Z. 2005. The Middle and Upper Pleistocene African record for the biological and behavioral origins of modern humans. In Stahl, A. (ed.), African Archaeology: A Critical Introduction. Blackwell, Malden: 93129.Google Scholar
McBrearty, S. and Brooks, A.S. 2000. The revolution that wasn't: a new interpretation of the origin of modern human behavior. Journal of Human Evolution 39: 453563.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McBurney, C.B.M. 1960. The Stone Age of Northern Africa. Penguin Books, London.Google Scholar
McBurney, C.B.M. 1967. The Haua Fteah (Cyrenaica) and the Stone Age of the South-East Mediterranean. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
McBurney, C.B.M. and Hey, R.W. 1955. Prehistory and Pleistocene Geology in Cyrenaican Libya: a record of two seasons' geological and archaeological fieldwork in the Gebel Akhdar hills, with a summary of prehistoric finds from neighbouring territories. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
Mlekuž, D., Budja, M., Payton, R. and Bonsall, C. 2008. ‘Mind the Gap’: caves, radiocarbon sequences, and the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in Europe — lessons from the Mala Triglavca rockshelter site. Geoarchaeology 23.3: 398416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moyer, C. 2003. The Organisation of Lithic Technology in the Middle and Early Upper Palaeolithic Industries at the Haua Fteah, Libya. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Cambridge.Google Scholar
Neumann, K., Schoch, W., Détienne, P. and Schweingruber, F.H. 2001. Woods of the Sahara and the Sahel. Paul Haupt, Berne.Google Scholar
Newson, P., Mattingly, D., Daly, P., Tomber, R., el-Rishi, H., Gilbertson, D., Grattan, J., Hunt, C., McLaren, S. and Pyatt, B. 2007. The Islamic and Ottoman periods. In Barker, G., Gilbertson, D. and Mattingly, D. (eds.), Archaeology and Desertification: The Wadi Faynan Landscape Survey, Southern Jordan. Levant Supplementary Series 6, Council for British Research in the Levant. Oxbow Books, Oxford: 349368.Google Scholar
Rumscheid, F. 2006. Die figürlichen Terrakoten von Priene. Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden.Google Scholar
Schweingruber, F.H. 1990a. Microscopic Wood anatomy (3rd edition). Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, Birmensdorf.Google Scholar
Schweingruber, F.H. 1990b. Anatomy of European Woods. Paul Haupt, Berne.Google Scholar
Stein, J.K. 2001. A review of site formation processes and their relevance to geoarchaeology. In Gildberg, P., Halliday, V.T. and Ferring, C.R. (eds), Earth Sciences and Archaeology. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York: 3754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Swift, K. 2005. Classical and Hellenistic Coarse Pottery from Euesperides. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Oxford.Google Scholar
Wheeler, E.A., Baas, P. and Gasson, P.E. (eds), 1989. IAWA list of microscopic features for hardwood identification. Bulletin of the International Association of Wood Anatomy 10: 219332.Google Scholar
Wheeler, E.A., Pearson, R.G., LaPasha, C.A., Zack, T. and Hatley, W. 1986. Computer-Aided Wood Identification. North Carolina Agriculture Research Service Bulletin 474, North Carolina.Google Scholar
42
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The Cyrenaican Prehistory Project 2008: the second season of investigations of the Haua Fteah cave and its landscape, and further results from the initial (2007) fieldwork
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

The Cyrenaican Prehistory Project 2008: the second season of investigations of the Haua Fteah cave and its landscape, and further results from the initial (2007) fieldwork
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

The Cyrenaican Prehistory Project 2008: the second season of investigations of the Haua Fteah cave and its landscape, and further results from the initial (2007) fieldwork
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *